I came to Franklin & Marshall in 2001, after a varied career in academia and the nonprofit sector, including teaching at Wellesley College and Trinity College in Hartford, Connecticut, and working for national organizations like Peace Action. My teaching and scholarship have focused on several overlapping areas: American political development and the special role that the African American struggle for citizenship has played in our history; American culture and society in the Cold War era and since. Originally, my scholarship covered the social movements of the United States after World War II, the so-called New Left. This led me to an interest in the long-term political evolution of American democracy and whether or not African Americans would ever be, or could ever be, "first-class citizens." To my surprise, I have found that this question was debated as far back as the 1790s, and that black Americans were always part of that debate. I am now deep into a book project on antebellum black politics, seeking to recover the vibrant electoral and partisan world in which black men participated between 1790 and 1860.
From 2004 through the present, I have helped direct our on-campus "F&M Votes" campaign, a joint student/staff/faculty effort which seeks to both register and turn-out our entire student body on Election Day. I have remained politically active, with national groups like United for Peace and Justice, the main antiwar coalition in 2003-2008, and Historians Against the War, which I co-founded in 2003. Since 2009, I have overseen a website/clearinghouse called The Post-Capitalist Project: Envisioning a Socialist Future,” at http://postcapitalistproject.org/about. Also in 2009, with the help of F&M's College Communications office, I became a regular blogger on Huffington Post; I’ve published a large number of essays there, focusing on current politics and culture, as well as in The New York Times’ “Disunion” blog on the Civil War, and in History News Network (see all below).
A.B., History, Columbia University, January 1983
Ph.D., Rutgers University, January 1992
Grants & Awards
Grants and Fellowships:
Fulbright Lecturer, University College Cork, Ireland, 2005-2006
Fellow, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, 2000-2001
Fellow, American Council of Learned Societies, 1998-99
Excellence Fellow, Rutgers University, 1985-1989
Member, Distinguished Lecturer Program, Organization of American Historians, 2010-2013
Albert Marion Elsberg Prize in Modern History, Columbia University, 1982
We Are Americans: The Origins of Black Politics, 1790-1860 (University of North Carolina, forthcoming).
Rethinking the New Left: An Interpretative History (New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 2005); named a CHOICE Outstanding Academic Book for 2006.
The Movements of the New Left, 1950-1975: A Brief History with Documents (Boston: St. Martin's Press/Bedford Books, 2004).
Editor (with Richard Moser), The World the Sixties Made: Politics and Culture in Recent America (Temple University Press, 2003).
Where the Boys Are: Cuba, Cold War America and the Making of a New Left (New York: Verso, 1993).
Articles and Book Chapters:
“Ronald Reagan in Ireland, 1984: A Different Cold War?” in Journal of American Studies (August 2013).
“Moving Into `The Master’s House’: The State-Nation and Black Power in the United States,” in Karen Dubinsky, Catherine Krull, Susan Lord, Sean Mills and Scott Rutherford, eds., New World Coming: The Sixties and the Shaping of Global Consciousness (Toronto: Between the Lines, 2009), 36-45.
"American Colonial Empire," in Peter N. Stearns, General Editor, Encyclopedia of the Modern World (New York: Oxford University Press, 2008).
"`As a Nation, the English Are Our Friends': The Emergence of African American Politics in the British Atlantic World, 1772-1861," American Historical Review (October, 2008), 1003-1028.
"The Cuban Revolution and the New Left," in Aviva Chomsky, Barry Carr, and Pamela Maria Smorkaloff, eds., The Cuba Reader: History, Culture, Politics (Duke University Press, 2003), pp. 526-529.
"More Than Just a Politician: Notes Towards a Life and Times of Harold Cruse," in Jerry G. Watts, ed., The Crisis of the Negro Intellectual Revisited: A Thirty-Year Retrospective (New York: Routledge, Chapman and Hall, 2004),17-40.
"Postmodern America: A New Democratic Order in a Second Gilded Age" and "Unpacking the Vietnam Syndrome: The 1973 Coup in Chile and the Rise of Anti-Interventionist Politics," in Van Gosse and Richard Moser, eds., The World the Sixties Made: Politics and Culture in Recent America (Temple University Press, 2003), 1-36, 100-113.
"A Movement of Movements: The Definition and Periodization of the New Left," in Roy Rosenzweig and Jean-Christophe Agnew, eds., A Companion to Post-1945 America (London: Blackwell, 2002), 277-302.
"`We are all highly adventurous': Fidel Castro and the Romance of the White Guerrilla, 1957-58," in Christian G. Appy, ed., Cold War Constructions: The Political Culture of American Imperialism During the Early Cold War, 1945-1963 (Boston: University of Massachusetts Press, 2000), 238-256.
"El Salvador," in John Whiteclay Chambers II., ed., The Oxford Companion to American Military History (New York: Oxford University Press, 2000), 246-247.
"Black America Greets the Revolution: The African-American Press on Cuba During 1959," in Lisa Brock and Digna Castaneda, eds., Between Race and Empire: African-Americans and Cubans in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1998), 266-280.
"`El Salvador Is Spanish For Vietnam': The Politics of Solidarity and the New Immigrant Left, 1955-1993" in Paul Buhle and Dan Georgakas, eds., The Immigrant Left (Albany: SUNY Press, 1996), 302-329.
"Active Engagement: The Legacy of Central America Solidarity," NACLA Report (March/April 1995), 22-29.
"`To Organize in Every Neighborhood, In Every Home': The Gender Politics of American Communists Between the Wars," Radical History Review (Spring 1991), 109-141.
"`The North American Front': Central American Solidarity in the Reagan Era," in Michael Sprinker and Mike Davis, eds., Reshaping the U.S. Left: Popular Struggles in the 1980's, Volume III of The Year Left (New York: Verso, 1988), 1-43.
Review of Gerald Horne, Negro Comrades of the Crown: African Americans and the British Empire Fight the U.S. Before Emancipation in the Journal of the Early Republic (Summer 2013), 353-355.
Review of Simon Hall, American Patriotism, American Protest: Social Movements since the Sixties, in the Journal of American History (March 2012), 1213.
Review of Hasan Jeffries, Bloody Lowndes: Civil Rights and Black Power in Alabama’s Black Belt, in the Journal of Southern History (February 2011), 223-225.
Review of Douglas R. Egerton, Death Or Liberty: African Americans And Revolutionary America, in the Journal of American Studies (April 2010), 453-454.
Review of John Michael, Identity and the Failure of America: From Thomas Jefferson to the War on Terror, in the Journal of American History (December 2009), 938-939.
Review of Leslie Butler, Critical Americans: Victorian Intellectuals and Transatlantic Liberal Reform, in the American Historical Review (Spring 2008), 520-521.
Review of Cynthia A. Young, Soul Power: Culture, Radicalism, And The Making Of A U.S. Third World Left, in Left History (Fall-Winter 2007), 161-162.
Review of William H. Chafe, Private Lives/Public Consequences: Personality and Politics in Modern America in the Journal of Southern History (February 2007), 215-216.
“Heroes and Villains: Picturing the IWW” [review of Paul Buhle and Nicole Schulman, eds., WOBBLIES! A Graphic History of the Industrial Workers of the World] in Reviews in American History (March 2006), 57-63.
Review of Fritz Fischer, Making Them Like Us: Peace Corps Volunteers in the 1960s in the Journal of American History (June 2000), 307.
Review of Arthur Marwick, The Sixties: Cultural Revolution in Britain, France, and the United States, c. 1958-c. 1974 in the Journal of American History (December 1999), 1311-1312.
"Mickey Mouse and Chain Gangs, Hot Jazz, and the CIO" [review of Michael Denning, The Cultural Front] in American Quarterly (December 1999), 931-939.
Review of Christian Smith, Resisting Reagan: The U.S. Central America Peace Movement, in Peace and Change (January 1998),103-107.
"Consensus and Contradiction in Textbook Treatments of the Sixties," Journal of American History (September 1995), 658-669.
Review of Michael E. Brown, Randy Martin, Frank Rosengarten and George Snedeker, eds., New Studies in the Politics and Culture of U. S. Communism, in Science and Society (1995), 107-109.
“Our Left” (review of Mari Jo Buhle, Paul Buhle, and Dan Georgakas, eds., The Encyclopedia of the American Left) in Radical History Review (Winter 1994), 206-212.
"Paterson, 1913" [review of Anne Huber Tripp, The I.W.W. and the Paterson Silk Strike of 1913 and Steve Golin, The Fragile Bridge: Paterson Silk Strike 1913] in Radical History Review (Fall 1990), 169-176.
"Home Rule: An Interview with Amiri Baraka," in "Transnational Black Studies," Special Issue of the Radical History Review 87 (Fall 2003), 109-126.
"Red Feminism: A Conversation with Dorothy Healey," Science and Society (Winter 2003), 511-518.
"Locating the Black Intellectual: An Interview with Harold Cruse," Radical History Review (Spring 1998), 96-120, reprinted in William Jelani Cobb, ed., The Essential Harold Cruse: A Reader (New York: Palgrave, 2002), 281-297.
“The Global Anti-Apartheid Era, 1946-1994” (with Alex Lichtenstein and Lisa Brock), Radical History Review (forthcoming, 2014).
"The Irish Question" (with Donal O Drisceoil and Conor McGrady), Radical History Review (Spring 2009).
"Terror and History," Radical History Review (Winter 2003).
"Market, Politics, Identities: What's Left" (with James Livingston), Radical History Review (Winter 2000).
"Past Politics, Present Questions" (with Eliza Reilly & Amber Hollibaugh), Radical History Review (Spring 1998).
"Imperialism: A Useful Category of Historical Analysis?", Radical History Review (Fall 1993).
"Efrain Rios Montt Will Still Face Justice--And So Should Henry Kissinger," History News Network, May 22, 2013
"Empathy For Whom?", Huffington Post, May 13, 2013
"An Open Letter to Tony Kushner," Huffington Post, March 18, 2013
"Realigning American Politics: Towards a Mass Party of the Center," Huffington Post, December 23, 2012
"Getting 'Romney the Bully' Wrong," Huffington Post, May 23, 2012
"Beyond 'Glory'," New York Times "Disunion" blog, November 29, 2011
"Today's Other Jim Crow," Huffington Post, March 29, 2012
"Whatever Happened to the Republican Party?", Washington Spectator, March 1, 2012
"A Modest Proposal (To Help Fix American Education)," Huffington Post, December 21, 2011
"What is a Democracy?" Huffington Post, February 1, 2011
"Birthright Citizenship is Bedrock Americanism," Huffington Post, September 27, 2010
"American Democracy (the Lack Thereof)," Huffington Post, August 26, 2010
"Thank You, Rand Paul (From a Historian)," Huffington Post, June 30, 2010
"Black Republicans' Problem With History," Huffington Post, June 14, 2010
"Why President Obama Is Not (and Is) a Socialist," Huffington Post, May 27, 2010
“Dirty Wars: Revolution and Counter-Revolution in the Americas, 1959-1994,” Fifth Annual Empire and Solidarity in the Americas conference, University of New Orleans, October 12, 2012.
“We Are Americans: The Ideology of Black Republicanism Before the Civil War,” The Fire Every Time: Reframing Black Power Across the Twentieth Century and Beyond conference, College of Charleston/Avery Research Center, September 21-22, 2012.
Panelist, “State of the Field: The Long Civil Rights Movement: Applications and New Directions,” Annual Meeting of the Organization of American History, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, April 20, 2012.
"We are Americans': Rethinking the Origins of Black Politics in Antebellum America," in the “Conversations Lecture Series,” Institute for Research in African-American Studies, Columbia University, November 4, 2011.
“Ronald Reagan in Ireland: A Different Cold War?,” at the Columbia Seminar on 20th Century Politics and Society, Columbia University, September 22, 2011.
“Ronald Reagan in Ireland: A Different Cold War?,” at the Center for the United States and the Cold War Seminar, New York University, March 3, 2011.
“The Wretched of the Earth in America’s Public Spaces,” at “The Long Civil Rights Movement” conference, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, April 4, 2009.
"Rethinking Cold War History: The U.S. and the Cuban Revolution, 1956-1962," American Social History Project workshop for high school teachers, New York City, March 24, 2009.
“America and the Sixties,” keynote at conference on “The 1960s in Canada,” at the University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, New Brunswick, August 21-23, 2008.
"The Eisenhower Administration and Decolonization in Africa," Eisenhower Center at Gettysburg College Workshop for High School Teachers, July 7, 2008.
"Moving Into the Master's House: The State-Nation and Black Power in the United States," keynote presentation at the New World Coming: The Global Sixties conference, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, June 14, 2007.
"`It Is Not A True Democracy, But A Bastard Republicanism': The Moral Economy of Black Politics in the Early Republic," in "History Workshop" series sponsored by the History Department at the University of Delaware, February 27, 2007.
"How `Black Power' Remaps American Political History," keynote presentation for Re-Mapping the United States Micro-Course at the Institute for Critical United States Studies, Duke University, February 17, 2006.
"The War on Iraq and U.S. Foreign Policy," Annual Committee on Peace Studies Lecture, Purdue University, April 20, 2005.
"Making Sense of the Cold War, At Home and Abroad," presented at American Social History Project Teaching American History workshop for high school teachers, New York City, March 14, 2005.
"Contemporary America," a series of lectures presented at the Center for the Study of the United States, University of Havana, May 14-19, 2003.
"What David Walker Knew: Leveraging Black Power in the British Atlantic, 1772-1861," given at the Annual Meeting of the American Studies Association, Oakland, California, October 24, 2006.
"Rethinking the Black Republicans, 1880-1930," presented at the Eleventh Annual Central Pennsylvania Consortium Africana Studies Conference, Franklin and Marshall College, April 1, 2005.
"Rethinking the Historiography of Black Nationalism and Black Power," presented at the annual conference of The Historical Society, Boothbay Harbor, Maine, June 5, 2004.
"The Appeal of the Cuban Revolution: Yanqui Fidelismo In Its Various Guises," presented at the Hispanic Caribbean Conference of the Central Pennsylvania Consortium, Dickinson College, October 16, 2003.
"The Terms of Black Power," presented at the Works-in-Progress series, Rutgers University History Department, October 25, 2002.
"Detroit, 1946-1964 and the Rise of `Premature' Black Power," a talk for the English Graduate Students Association, George Washington University, March 2000.
"Unpacking the `Vietnam Syndrome': Popular Anti-Interventionism and Chile Solidarity, 1973-1979," presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Historical Association, New York City, January 1997.
"The Central America Solidarity Movement," presented at the 1995 International Congress of the Latin American Studies Association, Washington DC, September 1995.
"Black America Greets the Revolution: The African-American Press on Cuba During 1959," presented at the 1994 International Congress of the Latin American Studies Association, Atlanta, March 1994.
"A Momentous Defeat: the Bay of Pigs and the Break-Up of Cold War Liberalism," presented at the Annual Conference of the Society of Historians of American Foreign Relations and the Conference for Peace Research in History, Charlottesville, June 1993.
"The Cuban Revolution and the Origins of the New Left: Revising the History of Declension," presented at the Towards a History of the Sixties Conference, Madison, Wisconsin, April 1993.
"America's Romance with Fidel: Cuba and the Intellectuals," presented at the Annual Meeting of the Modern Language Association, New York City, December 1992.
"The Gender Politics of American Communists, 1919-1941," presented at the Annual Meeting of the Organization of American Historians, Washington DC, March 1990.