Leadership Model Assumptions:

  • Leadership is socially responsible, it impacts change on behalf  of others. 
  • Leadership is collaborative. 
  • Leadership is a process, not a position.
  • Leadership is inclusive and accessible to all people
  • Leadership is values-based.
  • Community involvement/service is a powerful vehicle for leadership. 

Components of the Leadership Development Model

The approach to leadership development for the Social Change Model is embedded in collaboration and concerned with fostering positive social change, the model examines leadership development from three different perspectives:

The Individual- What personal qualities are we attempting to foster and develop in those who participate in a leadership development program? What personal qualities are most supportive of group functioning and positive social change?

The Group- How can the collaborative leadership development process be designed not only to facilitate the development of the desired individual qualities (above) but also to effect positive social change? 

Community/Society- Toward what social ends is the leadership development activity directed? What kinds of service activities are most effective in energizing the group and in developing desired personal qualities in the individual?

Consciousness of Self

Consciousness of self means knowledge of yourself, or simply self-awareness.  It is awareness of the values, emotions, attitudes, and beliefs that motivate one to take action.  A person with a highly developed capacity for consciousness of self not only has a reasonably accurate self-concept but also is a good observer of his or her own behavior and state of mind at any given time.  Consciousness of self is a fundamental value in the Social Change Model of Leadership because it constitutes the necessary condition for realizing all the other values in the model.

Example: disc Personality Profile Assessment 

Congruence

Congruence is thinking, feeling, and behaving with consistency, genuineness, authenticity and honesty toward others.  Congruent persons are those whose actions are consistent with their most deeply held beliefs and convictions.  Being clear about one’s values, beliefs, strengths, and limitations, who one is as an individual, is essential.  

Commitment

Commitment implies intensity and duration in relation to a person, idea, or activity.  It requires a significant involvement and investment of self in the object of commitment and in the intended outcomes.  It is the energy that drives the collective effort.  Commitment is essential to accomplishing change.  It is the heart, the profound passion that drives one to action.  Commitment originates from within.  No one can force a person to commit to something, but organizations and colleagues can create and support an environment that resonates with each individual’s heart and passions.

Collaboration

Collaboration is a central value in the model that views leadership as a group process.  It increases group effectiveness because it capitalizes on the multiple talents and perspectives of each group member, using the power of that diversity to generate creative solutions and actions.  Collaboration underscores the model’s relational focus.  Collaboration is about human relationships, about achieving common goals by sharing responsibility, authority, and accountability.  It is leadership for service.

Common Purpose

A common purpose develops when people work with others within a shared set of aims and values.  Shared aims facilitate group members’ engagement in collective analysis of the issues and the task to be undertaken.  Common purpose is best achieved when all members of the group build and share in the vision and participate actively in articulating the purpose and goals of the group work.

Controversy with Civility

Controversy with civility recognizes two fundamental realities of any group effort:  first, that differences in viewpoint are inevitable and valuable, and, second, that such differences must be aired openly and with respect and courtesy.  Disagreements are inherent in almost any social interaction or group process.  They bring valuable perspectives and information to the collaborative group, but eventually, they must be resolved.  Such resolution is accomplished through open and honest dialogue backed by the group’s commitment to understand the sources of the disagreement and to work cooperatively toward common solutions.  

Consciousness of Self

Consciousness of self means knowledge of yourself, or simply self-awareness.  It is awareness of the values, emotions, attitudes, and beliefs that motivate one to take action.  A person with a highly developed capacity for consciousness of self not only has a reasonably accurate self-concept but also is a good observer of his or her own behavior and state of mind at any given time.  Consciousness of self is a fundamental value in the Social Change Model of Leadership because it constitutes the necessary condition for realizing all the other values in the model.

Citizenship

Citizenship names the process whereby the self is responsibly connected to the environment and the community.  It acknowledges the interdependence of all involved in the leadership effort.  Citizenship thus recognizes that effective democracy requires individual responsibility as well as individual rights.  Citizenship, in the context of the Social Change Model, means more than membership; it implies active engagement of the individual and the leadership group in an effort to serve the community.  It implies social or civic responsibility.  It is, in short, the value of caring about others.    

Change

 

The Social Change Model of Leadership (SCM)

 Astin, Helen S. and Alexander W. Astin. A Social Change Model of Leadership Development Guidebook Version III. The National Clearinghouse of Leadership Programs, 1996.

Social Change Model Song/Rap with Animation by Nick Nelson and Hayley Childress
Social Change Model of Leadership Development