Franklin & Marshall College Franklin & Marshall College

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Courses Offered

A list of regularly offered courses follows. The indication of when a course will be  offered is based on the best projection of the department and can be subject to change.  Please note the key for the following abbreviations: (A) Arts; (H) Humanities; (S) Social  Sciences; (N) Natural Sciences with Laboratory; (LS) Language Studies requirement;  (NSP) Natural Science in Perspective; (NW) Non-Western Cultures requirement; (W)  Writing requirement. 

100. Social Anthropology. (S) Every Semester 

An examination of fundamental categories and practices in social anthropology, giving special  attention to anthropological methodologies, basic forms of social organization and the ways human  beings generate particular social meanings through their aesthetic, economic, religious and political  activities. Bastian, Cable, Nading, Slotta

102. Introduction to Archaeology. (S) Every Semester 

An introductory survey of historic and prehistoric archaeology that examines how knowledge about  the past is created, debated and sometimes abused. A survey of world prehistory from the earliest  hominids through the rise of the first “civilizations” to expose the range of variation in past human  social and political organization. Provides a global and comparative approach to better understand  and appreciate this diversity. As we learn about the messages and lessons that archaeology has to  offer, we should begin to think critically about our own society and reflect on the possibilities for  its improvement. M. A. Levine, Schwake, Smith

125. First-Year Seminar: Great Mysteries of the Past. (S) (W) Fall 2013    

Through a critical evaluation of several case studies, you will learn to separate fact from fantasy and  science from pseudoscience as you unravel some of the most intriguing mysteries in archaeology.  We will discuss how knowledge is constructed and how to assess the strengths of competing hypotheses. Some of the enigmatic case studies that we will explore and debate include the stone  statues of Easter Island, the megalithic monuments at Stonehenge, the Nazca lines of Peru and the  moundbuilders of North America. M. A. Levine    

150. First-Year Seminar: Invisible Worlds. (S) (W) Fall 2013 

In this First-Year Seminar, we will explore the “things that go bump in the night.” Some scholars  have argued that we can learn a good deal about more visible social relations by paying careful  attention to the stories groups tell about beings like ghosts and fairies. The seminar will test this  theory through our exploration of texts, films and documentaries, as well as material drawn from  other media. Some larger topics that will arise in this class include the social-historical construction  of landscape, how people represent others through narrative and cultural concepts of gender. We  will finish our seminar with consideration of the global appeal of a very famous invisible world,  the magical reality of Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. Same as WGS 150. Bastian 

170 – 179. Topics in Anthropology. (S) 

Lecture courses or seminars on theoretical or ethnographic subjects of current interest.  200. Anthropological Theory. (S) Every Fall  The history of anthropological thought up to the present. The meaning and purpose of thinking  theoretically. This course serves as the prerequisite to most 300-level courses in Anthropology.  Prerequisite: ANT 100 or permission of the instructor. Bastian 

200. Anthropological Theory. (S) Every Fall 

The history of anthropological thought up to the present. The meaning and purpose of thinking  theoretically. This course serves as the prerequisite to most 300-level courses in Anthropology.  Prerequisite: ANT 100 or permission of the instructor. Bastian 

205. Archaeometry: Natural Sciences as Applied to Archaeology. (N) Spring 2014 

Application of methods from the natural sciences to study of archaeological environments and  artifacts. Scientific principles underlying techniques; application to archaeological problems. Major  topics include: dating methods; analysis and characterization of artifacts; location of sites and  features within sites; paleoenvironment and paleoecology. Prerequisite: one archaeology course  and one lab science course, or permission of the instructor. Same as GEO 205. Sternberg 

212. Language, Power and Society. (S) Fall 2014 

Language has captivated scholars for the insights it provides into human behavior and interactions.  Through language we unite with some, while differentiating from others. Understanding language  is crucial to understanding culture. This course provides a survey of the uses of language in  anthropology, investigating how people use language to define themselves and the world around  them and how language communicates far more than the content of words. Prerequisite: ANT 100  or permission of the instructor. Slotta 

215. Women in Society. (S) Fall 2014 

How gender roles affect women’s participation in political, ritual, economic and other social relations.  The course materials will include detailed ethnographic work on specific societies and will maintain  a theoretical perspective informed by contemporary gender studies. Prerequisite: ANT 100. Same  as WGS 215. Staff 

250. Witchcraft and Sorcery in a Global Context. (S) 2014 – 2015 

In this course we will consider how the categories of “witchcraft” and “sorcery” have been used in  Anthropology, both to describe mystical acts (particularly mystical attacks) and as an ethnographic  metaphor to discuss the pressures of communal life for individuals. Course content will consist of,  but not be limited to, witchcraft and sorcery as a “social strain gauge,” witchcraft and sorcery as  expressions of symbolic power, the gendered name of witchcraft and sorcery, as well as witchcraft  and sorcery under conditions of Western-style modernity. Same as AFS/RST/WGS 250. Bastian 

258. People and Cultures of East Asia. (NW) (S) (Culture Area) 2014 – 2015 

This course introduces students to the cultures of China, Korea, and Japan. Through primary sources  (in translation), films, and ethnographies, this course will examine the shared cultural backgrounds  of the region as well as how each country has made modifications to fit their own society. Topics  include the mainstream philosophical traditions of Confucianism, Daoism, and Buddhism, as well  as such complex issues as the individual and society, ethnicity and nationalism, and gender. Cable  

260. Archaeology of North America. (NW) (S) (Culture Area) 2014 – 2015 

This course surveys the prehistory of Native American peoples in Canada and the United States from their arrival on this continent more than 12,000 years ago to their encounters with Europeans.  Through the use of a regional approach to the study of indigenous peoples, this course will survey  a wide variety of prehistoric Native American peoples including those in the Arctic, Northwest  coast, Southwest and Northeast. By uncovering the diversity of Native American lifeways in the  past, this course provides the foundation for understanding the rich heritage of contemporary Native  American peoples. Prerequisites: ANT100, ANT102 or permission of the instructor. M. A. Levine 

261. North American Indians of the Eastern Woodlands. (NW) (S) (Culture Area) Fall 2013 

A survey of the past and present diversity of indigenous peoples in the Eastern Woodlands of the  United States and Canada. The focus is on the prehistoric archaeology of the region, the consequences  of European colonization on native groups and the struggles and achievements of indigenous peoples  today. An examination of issues ranging from the controversy that surrounds the initial settlement  of the Eastern Woodlands by Native Americans to contemporary debates on federal recognition  and sovereignty. Prerequisite: ANT 100 or 102. Same as AMS 261. M. A. Levine 

267. Peoples and Cultures of Africa. (NW) (S) (Culture Area). Fall 2013 

Social and historical practices of various African cultures, with a special emphasis on sub-Saharan  groups. Topics considered will include the intersections between political economy, performances,  religion, art, and popular media on the continent. Prerequisite: ANT 100. Same as AFS 267.  Bastian 

270 – 279. Topics in Anthropology. (S) 

Lecture courses or seminars on theoretical or ethnographic subjects of current interest. 

290. Independent Study.
330. Anthropological Studies of Religion. (S) Fall 2013 

This course takes account of various aspects of religious and ritual practice, using material from  both contemporary and classic ethnographies. Topics of special interest for the course will include,  but not be limited to: cosmological constructions; initiation; possession; commensality; magic;  witchcraft and sorcery; ritual aesthetics; and performance. Prerequisite: ANT 200. Same as RST  330. Bastian 

340. Anthropology of Wealth and Poverty. (S) Spring 2014 

Anthropological approaches to the relationship between economy and society, including intensive  readings of theoretical and empirical literature. Topics include: the nature of rationality; Marxist  and non-Marxist political economy; the nature and role of production and exchange; class-conflict;  colonialism; and the making of the Third World. Prerequisite: ANT 200 or permission of the  instructor. Billig 

342. Class and Culture. (S) Spring 2015 

Is it better to like opera than NASCAR? Are such choices purely a matter of individual taste? This  course examines the way tastes, habits and manners are formed within the context of class and  status and also the way class and status are reproduced by such distinctions. Readings consist of  theoretical literature, ethnographies and fiction focusing mainly on the U.S. Prerequisite: ANT200  or permission of the instructor. Billig 

350. Anthropology of Tourism. (S) 2014 – 2015 

This course analyzes tourism as a cultural phenomenon through issues such as the origin of tourism,  authenticity and the commodification of culture, the exotic “other,” gender, and sustainable or  responsible tourism. Through films, lectures, readings, and discussions, we will explore the impact of  tourism on both the hosts and the guests as we look at what has become the world’s largest industry.  Prerequisite: ANT 200. Cable 

355. The Body. (S) Spring 2014 

Examines contemporary theoretical and ethnographic discussions relating to the human body. Topics  covered will include social constructions of gender, reproduction and reproductive technologies,  cultural ideologies of sexuality, social inscriptions on the body, “the body in extremis,” cultural  depositions of the corpse and what some might call hybrid, cyborg or even virtual bodies. Prerequisite:  ANT 200 or permission of the instructor. Same as WGS 355. Bastian 

360. Language and Culture. (S) 2014 – 2015 

This course focuses on themes that explore the link between culture and language, including the  processes of language change, different visions of literacy and the relationship of technology to  language. It also addresses more theoretical concerns, such as language ideology and power and  resistance. Readings vary from densely theoretical to richly ethnographic. Prerequisites: ANT 200  or permission of the instructor. Slotta 

365. Queens, Goddesses and Archaeology. (S) 2014 – 2015 

This course will consider how archaeologists examine gender and interpret the roles of women in  ancient subsistence economies, politics and religions. To achieve this goal we will discuss the roles  of women in egalitarian and stratified societies and explore the actions and status of both highranking  and everyday women in the ancient world. Prerequisites: ANT 100, ANT 102, ANT 200  or permission of the instructor. Same as WGS 365. M. A. Levine 

370 – 379. Topics in Anthropology. (S) 

Lecture courses or seminars on theoretical or ethnographic subjects of current interest. 

380. Archaeology of Colonialism in Native North America. (S) (NW) Fall 2013 

Archaeology is well poised to shed light on the social and historical processes associated with  colonialism and the impact that European colonization had on Native Americans. By considering  five centuries of interaction between Native Americans and Europeans we will examine the  diversity of experiences pertaining to culture change and continuity, depopulation, accommodation,  hybridization, resistance, and revolt. By exploring a wide range of archaeological case studies of  colonial-indigenous interactions we will also examine how colonialism was experienced at multiple  levels ranging from the individual to large populations. Prerequisites: ANT 100, ANT 102 and ANT  200. M. A. Levine 

390. Independent Study. 
410. Anthropological Methods. (S) Every Fall 

A practicum in anthropological fieldwork, including exercises in participant observation, interviewing,  framing a research question, analysis and interpretation of data. Prerequisite: ANT 200.  Bastian, Nading 

411. Archaeological Methods. (S) 2014 – 2015 

This course will provide students with hands-on training in archaeological field and laboratory  methods. In the first half of the semester, participants will travel to a local field site and learn  techniques of archaeological data recovery, including survey, mapping and excavation. In the second  half of the course, the focus will be on lab analysis, including the processing and interpretation  of artifacts recovered during the field component of the course. Special attention will be given to  computer techniques applicable to archaeological analysis. Students should expect to spend time  outdoors and to dedicate at least one or two weekend days to field trips. M. A. Levine, Smith 

470 – 479. Topics in Anthropology. (S) 

Lecture courses or seminars on theoretical or ethnographic subjects of current interest. Prerequisite:  one course from the 200-level. 

490. Independent Study. 

Senior level independent study directed by the Anthropology staff. Permission of chairperson. 

Topics Courses Expected To Be Offered In 2013 – 2014 

Anthropology of Mesoamerica. 
Anthropology and the Environment. 
Archaeology of Death. 
Peoples and Cultures of the Andes. 
Medical Anthropology. 
Archaeology of Space and Place.