Franklin & Marshall College Franklin & Marshall College

David P. Schuyler

AMS 300
David Schuyler
Stager 310
291-4247
Hours: Monday, 3:50-4:30
Wednesday, 3:50-4:30

Thursday, 3:00-4:30
and by appointment

The Urban Experience is a lecture and discussion course that investigates, through interdisciplinary analysis, the evolution of the American city as physical space and social-cultural environment. The instructor believes that the modern metropolis is the most complex artifact we humans have created, and this course attempts to acquaint students with the richness and complexity of our urban and suburban heritage.

The instructor requires that students attend all classes and have prepared the assigned reading for each meeting. Students will take an hour exam on Feb. 26, 2014 (20% of final grade), submit a prospectus for a 10 page analytical essay on a topic approved by the instructor (the prospectus should contain a substantial paragraph describing the research project, at least one other paragraph presenting anticipated conclusions, and a full bibliography) on Mar. 28, 2014 and the completed paper at the beginning of class on Apr. 18, 2014 (40%), and take a final examination at the time scheduled by the Registrar (40%). Class participation is very important in the final evaluation of student performance.

The instructor believes that academic integrity is essential to learning and expects that all students will familiarize themselves with and comply with relevant college policies.

Books available for purchase:
Horne, Jed.  Breach of Faith: Hurricane Katrina and the Near Death of a Great American City (New York, 2006).
Jackson, Kenneth T. Crabgrass Frontier: The Suburbanization of the United States (New York, 1985).
Riis, Jacob.  How the Other Half Lives (1890).
Schuyler, David. A City Transformed: Redevelopment, Race, and Suburbanization in Lancaster, Pennsylvania,  1940-1980 (University Park, Pa., 2002).
Warner, Sam Bass. The Private City: Philadelphia in Three Stages of Growth (Philadelphia, 1968).

Copies of these books have been placed on reserve at the circulation desk, Shadek-Fackenthal Library.

Schedule of Meetings and Assignments

Note: (rec) Indicates books or articles that supplement or extend the materials presented in class.  These readings are recommended, especially if the topic is one you are interested in exploring as a topic for your paper.

Note: Readings underscored below are available as hypertext links from the electronic version of the syllabus.

Jan. 15 Introductory Meeting: Approaches to the Study of the City
Read entries on "city" and "town" from the International Dictionary of City Words, ed Christian Topalov (Paris: Robert Laffont, 2010). (EDISK).
Students should also browse Photographs from the Detroit Publishing Company, 1890-1920, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. In exploring the holdings of the Detroit Publishing Company look for your hometown or a city or town you know well. Think about how, and why, the place looked the way it did around the turn of the century, and why it looks so different today.
Students should also consult H-URBAN, the home page of the Urban History discussion list. This contains, among other things, archival files of discussions arranged by topic, reviews of recent books, and other information, and John W. Reps's annotated collection of city planning documents, Urban Planning, 1794-1918: An International Anthology of Articles, Conference Papers, and Reports, which includes a wonderful selection of materials related to American urban development.

Jan. 17 Patterns of Settlement, Development, and Urban Formation
John R. Stilgoe, Common Landscape of America, 1580 to 1845 (New Haven, 1982), pp. 43-77. EDISK

Jan. 20 Colonial Cities and Community Building
Jackson, Crabgrass Frontier, pp. 3-19.

Jan. 22 Civicism in Action: Ben Franklin's Philadelphia
Warner, Private City, pp. 3-45.

Jan. 24 City Planning and the New American Republic
David Schuyler, The New Urban Landscape: The Redefinition of City Form in Nineteenth-Century America (Baltimore, 1986), pp. 11-23. EDISK
Gouverneur Morris, et al., "Remarks of the Commissioners for Laying Out Streets and Roads in the City of New York, Under the Act of April 3, 1807," in Manual of the Corporation of the City of New York, 1866, comp. D. T. Valentine (New York, 1866), pp. 756-63.
(rec) Dell Upton, Another City: Urban Life and Urban Spaces in the New American Republic (New Haven, 2008).
(rec) David Scobey, Empire City: The Making and Meaning of the New York City Landscape (Philadelphia, 2002), pp. 1-14.

Jan. 27 The Emergence of the Industrial City
Jackson, Crabgrass Frontier, pp. 20-44.
(rec) Diane Shaw, City Building on the Eastern Frontier: Sorting the New Nineteenth-Century City (Baltimore, 2004).
(rec) Gwendolyn Wright, Building the Dream: A Social History of Housing in America (Cambridge, 1981), pp. 21-40, 58-72.
(rec) Allan R. Pred, "Manufacturing in the American Mercantile City, 1800-1840," Annals of the American Association of Geographers 56 (June 1966): 307-25.
(rec) Sean Wilentz, Chants Democratic: New York City and the Rise of the American Working Class, 1785-1850 (New York, 1982).

Jan. 29 The New Commercial Metropolis
Warner, Private City, pp. 49-78.
(rec) D. Scobey, Empire City, pp. 55-157.
(rec) Edwin G. Burrows & Mike Wallace, Gotham: A History of New York City to 1898 (New York, 1999), pp. 429-72.
(rec) Edward K. Spann, The New Metropolis: New York City, 1840-1857 (New York, 1981).
(rec) Robert G. Albion, The Rise of the New York Port, 1815-1850 (New York, 1939), and Clifton Hood, "In Retrospect: Robert G. Albion's The Rise of the New York Port," Reviews in American History 27 (June 1999): 171-79.
(rec) Amy Bridges, The City in the Republic (Cambridge, 1985).
(rec) Elizabeth Blackmar, Manhattan For Rent (Ithaca, 1989).

Jan. 31 City Schools, Cultural Conflict
Warner, Private City, pp. 99-123.
(rec) David Nasaw, Schooled to Order: A Social History of Public Schooling in the United States (New York, 1979).
(rec) Diane Ravitch, The Great School Wars (New York, 1974).
(rec) Carl F. Kaestle, The Evolution of an Urban School System, New York City, 1750-1850 (Cambridge, 1973).
(rec) Michael Katz, The Irony of Early School Reform (Cambridge, 1968).

Feb. 3 City People: Rich and Poor
Warner, Private City, pp. 79-98.
George G. (Gaslight) Foster, New York by Gaslight (New York, 1850), No. VII.
The Virtual New York electronic history of the 1863 Draft Riots.
The Five Points Site, A Website compiled by the The Five Points Archaeological Project.
(rec) Timothy Gilfoyle, A Pickpocket's Tale: The Underworld of Nineteenth-Century New York (New York, 2006).
(rec) Tyler Anbinder, Five Points (New York, 2001).
(rec) Timothy Gilfoyle, City of Eros: New York City, Prostitution, and the Commercialization of Sex, 1790-1920 (New York, 1992).
(rec) Eric Homberger, Scenes from the Life of a City: Corruption and Conscience in Old New York (New Haven, 1994), pp. 10-85.
(rec) Luc Sante, Low Life: Lures and Snares of Old New York (New York, 1991).
(rec) Stuart Blumin, The Emergence of the Middle Class: Social Experience in the American City, 1760-1900 (Ithaca, 1989).
(rec) Christine Stansell, City of Women: Sex and Class in New York, 1789-1860 (Ithaca, 1986).
(rec) Robert Bremner, From the Depths: The Discovery of Poverty in the United States (New York, 1956).

Feb. 5 City Government at Mid-Century: The Rise of the Machine
Warner, Private City, pp. 124-57.
(rec) Spann, New Metropolis, pp. 313-97.
(rec) Robert K. Merton, Social Theory and Social Structure, 3rd ed. (New York, 1968), pp. 126-36.
(rec) Samuel Augustus Pleasants, Fernando Wood of New York (New York, 1948).

Feb. 7  Redefining City Space: Central Park and its Progeny
David Schuyler, "Central Park at 150: Celebrating Olmsted and Vaux's Greensward Plan," Hudson River Valley Review 24 (Spring 2008): 1-21. EDISK
Frederick Law Olmsted, A Consideration of the Justifying Value of a Public Park (1880).
Map of Central Park, 1863
Images of Central Park, 1983
Prospect Park
(rec) D. Schuyler, New Urban Landscape, pp. 77-100.
(rec) E. Homberger, Scenes from the Life of a City, pp. 212-93.
(rec) Charles E. Beveridge and David Schuyler, eds., The Papers of Frederick Law Olmsted, III: Creating Central Park, 1857-1861 (Baltimore, 1983), passim.
(rec) Roy Rosenzweig and Elizabeth Blackmar, The People's Park: A History of Central Park (Ithaca, 1992).

Feb. 10 Redefining City Space: Urban Decentralization
Jackson, Crabgrass Frontier, pp. 45-86.
(rec) D. Scobey, Empire City.
(rec) John R. Stilgoe, Borderland: Origins of the American Suburb, 1820-1939 (New Haven, 1988).
(rec) Henry Binford, The First Suburbs: Residential Communities on the Boston Periphery, 1815-1860 (Chicago, 1985).
(rec) Sam Bass Warner, Jr., Streetcar Suburbs: The Process of Growth in Boston, 1870-1900 (Cambridge, 1962).

Feb. 12 The Planned Suburban Community
Frederick Law Olmsted, Preliminary Report Upon the Proposed Suburban Village at Riverside, Near Chicago (New York, 1868).
A Walking Tour of Sudbrook, Baltimore County, Maryland, a suburban village designed by Frederick Law Olmsted in 1889.
Sudbrook in context: Sudbrook and environs as depicted in the 1898 Bromley Atlas of Baltimore County
Bridge carrying carriage drive over railroad tracks
Entrance Triangle
Sites adjacent to railroad reserved for small houses
Cottage at 721 Cliveden Rd., 1892
Elizabethan cottage, 718 Cliveden Rd., 1889-90.
Cottage, 708 Cliveden Rd.
Cottage at 717 Cliveden Rd., designed by Baltimore architect Thomas B. Ghequier for Horatio Armstrong, 1895
House of Oscar Webb, 709 Cliveden Rd., designed by Baltimore architect George Archer and erected 1897-98
Stable behind Webb House, Cliveden Rd.
Triangular site reserved for church or civic building
Colonial revival house erected on site Olmsted had reserved for a church or civic building
Houses erected in the 1950s on site reserved for church or civic building
Cape Cod houses erected on Cliveden Green, 1950s
Site of the extension of West Cliveden Rd. adjacent to Cliveden Green
Olmstedean triangle, Sudbrook

Feb. 14 The Urban Frontier: Suburbia
Jackson, Crabgrass Frontier, pp. 87-137.
"Country Life," New York Times, Apr. 14, 1872, p. 1.
(rec) Dolores Hayden, Building Suburbia: Green Fields and Urban Growth, 1820-2000 (New York, 2003).
(rec) Margaret Marsh, Suburban Lives (New Brunswick, 1990).
(rec) Michael Ebner, Creating Chicago's North Shore: A Suburban History (Chicago, 1988).
(rec) Mary Corbin Sies, "The City Transformed: Nature, Technology, and the Suburban Ideal, 1877-1917," Journal of Urban History 14 (Nov. 1987): 81-111.
(rec) Carol A. O'Connor, A Sort of Utopia: Scarsdale, 1981-1981 (Albany, 1983).
(rec) G. Wright, Building the Dream, pp. 96-113.

Feb. 17 The Ascendancy of the Political Machine: Tammany Hall
[Frederick Law Olmsted], "The Future of New York," New-York Tribune, Dec. 28, 1879.
Begin reading Riis, How the Other Half Lives.
(rec) Eric Homberger, Scenes from the Life of a City, pp.141-211.
(rec) Alan Lessoff, The Nation and Its City: Politics, "Corruption," and Progress in Washington, D.C., 1861-1902 (Baltimore, 1994).
(rec) Seymour J. Mandelbaum, Boss Tweed's New York (New York, 1965).
(rec) Alexander C. Callow, The Tweed Ring (New York, 1966).

Feb. 19 The Emergence of the Slum: New York's Lower East Side
Riis, How the Other Half Lives, chapters 1-9.
Lawrence Veiller, "The Tenement-House Exhibition of 1899," Charities Review 10 (1900-1901): 19-25.

Feb. 21  Chicago from the Great Fire to the Great Fair
[Frederick Law Olmsted], "Chicago in Distress," Nation 13 (Nov. 9, 1871): 302-5 and in The Papers of Frederick Law Olmsted, VI: The Years of Olmsted, Vaux & Company, 1865-1874, ed. David Schuyler and Jane Turner Censer (Baltimore, 1992), pp. 479-91.
Riis, How the Other Half Lives, chapters 10-18.
(rec) Donald L. Miller, City of the Century (New York, 1996).
(rec) Carl Smith, Urban Disorder and the Shape of Belief: The Great Chicago Fire, the Haymarket Bomb, and the Model Town of Pullman (Chicago, 1995).
(rec) Karen Sawislak, Smoldering City: Chicagoans and the Great Fire, 1871-1874 (Chicago, 1995).
(rec) Daniel Bluestone, Constructing Chicago (New Haven, 1991).
(rec) William Cronon, Nature's Metropolis: Chicago and the Great West (New York, 1991).
(rec) Harold L. Platt, The Electric City: Energy and the Growth of the Chicago Area, 1880-1930 (Chicago, 1991).
(rec) Ross Miller, American Apocalypse: The Great Fire and the Myth of Chicago (Chicago, 1990).
(rec) Thomas L. Philpott, The Slum and the Ghetto: Neighborhood Deterioration and Middle-Class Reform, Chicago, 1880-1940 (New York, 1978).

Feb. 24  Social Settlements and Progressive Reform
Riis, How the Other Half Lives, chapters 19-25.
(rec) Jane Addams, Twenty Years at Hull-House.
(rec) Daphne Spain, How Women Saved the City (Minneapolis, 2001).
(rec) Gail Lee Dubrow, "Women and Community," in Reclaiming the Past: Landmarks of Women's History, ed. Page Putnam Miller (Bloomington, 1991), pp. 83-118.
(rec) Allen F. Davis, American Heroine: The Life and Legend of Jane Addams (New York, 1973).
(rec) Allen F. Davis, Spearheads for Reform: Social Settlements and the Progressive Movement, 1890-1914 (New York, 1967).
(rec) Roy Lubove, The Progressives and the Slums: Tenement House Reform in New York City, 1890-1917 (Pittsburgh, 1962).

Feb. 26  Hour Exam

Feb. 28 The Triumph of Technology
George E. Waring, Jr., "New York, A.D. 1997 -- A Prophecy," from Life of Col. George E. Waring, Jr., The Greatest Apostle of Cleanliness, as told by Dr. Albert Shaw (New York, 1899), pp. 36-42.
Stanley K. Schultz and Clay McShane, "To Engineer the Metropolis: Sewers, Sanitation, and City Planning in Late-Nineteenth-Century America," in Raymond A. Mohl, ed., The Making of Urban America (Wilmington, 1988), pp. 81-98 or in Journal of American History 65 (Sept. 1978): 389-411. EDISK
(rec) Clifton Hood, 722 Miles: The Building of the Subways and How They Transformed New York (New York, 1993).
(rec) Jon C. Teaford, The Unheralded Triumph: City Government in America, 1870-1900 (Baltimore, 1984), pp. 1-14, 174-214.
(rec) Stanley K. Schultz, Constructing Urban Culture: American Cities and City Planning, 1820-1920 (Philadelphia, 1989).
(rec) Martin V. Melosi, Garbage in the Cities: Refuse, Reform, and the Environment (College Station, TX, 1981).

Mar. 3 Civic Design in the Progressive Era
Thomas Bender and William R. Taylor, "Culture and Architecture: Some Aesthetic Tensions in the Shaping of Modern New York City," in Visions of the Modern City, ed. William Sharpe and Leonard Wallock (New York, 1982), pp. 185-215. EDISK
(rec) Robin F. Bachin, Building the South Side: Urban Space and Civic Culture in Chicago, 1890-1919 (Chicago, 2004).
(rec) James Gilbert, Perfect Cities: Chicago's Utopias of 1893 (Chicago, 1991).
(rec) William H. Wilson, The City Beautiful Movement (Baltimore, 1989).
(rec) Michele H. Bogart, Public Sculpture and the Civic Ideal in New York City (Chicago, 1989).
(rec) Robert A. M. Stern, et al., New York 1900: Metropolitan Architecture and Urbanism, 1890-1915 (New York, 1983).
(rec) Paul Boyer, Urban Masses and Moral Order in America, 1820-1920 (Cambridge, Mass., 1978).

Mar. 5 Redefining the City: Cultural Institutions
Neil Harris, "Great American Fairs and American Cities: The Role of Chicago's Columbian Exposition," in Harris, Cultural Excursions: Marketing Appetites and Cultural Tastes in Modern America (Chicago, 1990), pp. 111-31. EDISK
(rec) Abigail A. Van Slyck, Free to All: Carnegie Libraries & American Culture 1890-1920 (Chicago, 1995).
(rec) Kathleen D. McCarthy, Women's Culture: American Philanthropy and Art, 1830-1930 (Chicago, 1991).
(rec) Kathleen D. McCarthy, Noblesse Oblige: Charity and Cultural Philanthropy in Chicago, 1849-1929 (Chicago, 1982).
(rec) Helen L. Horowitz, Culture and the City: Cultural Philanthropy in Chicago from the 1880s to 1917 (Lexington, Ky., 1976).

Mar. 7  Toward a Dominant Urban Culture
Robert B. Fairbanks, "From Better Dwellings to Better Neighborhoods The Rise and Fall of the First National Housing Movement," in Bauman, et al., From Tenements to the Taylor Homes, pp. 21-42. EDISK
(rec) Alison Isenberg, Downtown America: A History of the Place and the People Who Made It (Chicago, 2004).
(rec) Robert Fogelson, Downtown: Its Rise and Fall, 1880-1950 (New Haven, 2001).
(rec) Bruce Kuklick, To Every Thing a Season: Shibe Park and Urban Philadelphia, 1909-1976 (Princeton, 1991).
(rec) William Leach, Land of Desire: Merchants, Power, and the Rise of a New American Culture (New York, 1993).
(rec) Robert M. Fogelson, The Fragmented Metropolis: Los Angeles, 1850-1930 (1967; Berkeley, 1993).
(rec) Susan Porter Benson, Counter Culture (Champaign, IL, 1986).
(rec) Kathy Peiss, Cheap Amusements: Working Women & Leisure in Turn-of-the-Century New York (1985).

Spring Break

Mar. 17 The New Freedom of City Life
Warner, Private City, pp. 161-223.
(rec) George Chauncy, Gay New York: Gender, Urban Culture, and the Making of the Gay Male World, 1890-1940 (New York, 1994).
(rec) Lewis A. Erenberg, Steppin' Out: New York Nightlife and the Transformation of American Culture, 1890-1930 (Chicago, 1981).

Mar. 19  Main Street America
Janet Hutchison, "Shaping Housing and Enhancing Consumption: Hoover's Interwar Housing Policy," in Bauman, et al., From Tenements to the Taylor Homes, pp. 81-101. EDISK
(rec) Kenneth T. Jackson, The Ku Klux Klan and the City, 1915-1930 (New York, 1967).
(rec) Caroline F. Ware, Greenwich Village, 1920-1930: A Comment on American Civilization in the Post-War Years (1935; Berkeley, 1994).
(rec) Robert Lynd and Helen Merrill Lynd, Middletown: A Study in Modern American Culture (New York, 1929).

Mar. 21 The Newest Newcomers: the African-American Migration
J. W. Johnson, "Harlem, the Culture Capital," in Alain Locke, ed., The New Negro (New York, 1925), pp. 301-11. EDISK
(rec) James R. Grossman, Land of Hope: Chicago, Black Southerners, and the Great Migration (Chicago, 1989).
(rec) Kenneth Kusmer, A Ghetto Takes Shape: Black Cleveland, 1870-1930 (Urbana, 1976).
(rec) Gilbert Osofsky, Harlem: The Making of a Ghetto (New York, 1968).

Mar. 24  The "New Negro" and African-American Culture
Alain Locke, "The New Negro," and W. E. B. DuBois, "The Negro Mind Reaches Out," in Locke, ed., The New Negro, pp. 3-16, 385-414. EDISK
(rec) Joe William Trotter, Black Milwaukee: The Making of an Industrial Proletariat, 1915-1945 (Urbana, 1985).
(rec) David Levering Lewis, When Harlem Was in Vogue (New York, 1981).
(rec) Nathan Irvin Huggins, Harlem Renaissance (New York, 1971), pp. 13-51.

Mar. 26  Controlling the Skyscraper City: Zoning and Planning
Lewis Mumford, "The Fourth Migration," The Survey, Graphic Number 54, no. 3 (May 1, 1925): 130-33.
Lewis Mumford, "The Intolerable City," Harper's 212 (Feb. 1926): 283-93. EDISK
The Skyscraper Museum -- a marvelous compendium of archival information and virtual exhibitions about the history and evolution of the skyscraper.
(rec) Luccarelli, Lewis Mumford and the Ecological Region, pp. 110-136.
(rec) Patricia Burgess, Planning for the Private Interest: Land Use Controls and Residential Patterns in Columbus, Ohio (Columbus, 1994).
(rec) John D. Fairfield, The Mysteries of the Great City: The Politics of Urban Design, 1877-1937 (Columbus, Ohio, 1993), pp. 83-157.
(rec) William S. Worley, J. C. Nichols and the Shaping of Kansas City: Innovation in Planned Residential Communities (Columbia, 1990).
(rec) Marc A. Weiss, The Rise of the Community Builders: The American Real Estate Industry and Urban Land Planning (New York, 1987).
(rec) Daniel R. Schaffer, Garden Cities for America: The Radburn Experience (Philadelphia, 1982).

Mar. 28  Planning for Cities and Regions
Luccarelli, Lewis Mumford and the Ecological Region, pp. 137-64.  EDISK
Virtual Greenbelt
(rec) Howard Gillette, Jr., Civitas By Design: Building Better Communities, from the Garden City to the New Urbanism (Philadelphia, 2010).
(rec) Edward K. Spann, Designing Modern America: The Regional Planning Association of America and its Members (Columbus, 1996).
(rec) Robert Fishman, "The Regional Plan and the Transformation of the Metropolis," in Ward and Zunz, eds., Landscape of Modernity, pp. 106-25.
(rec) Roy Lubove, Community Planning in the 1920s: The Contribution of the Regional Planning Association of America (Pittsburgh, 1963).
(rec) Thomas Adams, et al., Regional Plan of New York and Its Environs, II: The Building of the City (New York, 1931).
(rec) Special issue devoted to "The Regional Community," The Survey 54 (May 1, 1925): 129-90.

Mar. 31  Screening of Lewis Mumford's 1939 film, The City.
Howard Gillette, "Film as Artifact: The City (1939), American Studies 18, no. 2 (1977): 71-85.  EDISK
(rec) Leonard Wallock, "New York City: Capital of the Twentieth Century," in Wallock, ed., New York: Cultural Capital of the World, 1940-1965 (New York, 1988), pp. 17-50.

Apr. 2  Urban America During the Great Depression
Gail Radford, "The Federal Government and Housing During the Great Depression," in John F. Bauman, et al., From Tenements to the Taylor Homes, pp. 102-20. EDISK
Changing New York, 1935-1938, Photographs by Berenice Abbott, New York Public Library.
(rec) Gail Radford, Modern Housing for America: Policy Struggles in the New Deal Era (Chicago, 1996).
(rec) Lizabeth Cohen, Making a New Deal: Industrial Workers in Chicago, 1919-1939 (Cambridge, 1990).
(rec) Robert S. Lynd, Middletown in Transition (New York, 1935).
(rec) Lewis Erenberg, "From New York to Middletown: Repeal and the Legitimization of Nightlife in the Great Depression," American Quarterly 38 (1986): 761-78.

Apr. 4 The Federal Government and Urban Policy
Jackson, Crabgrass Frontier, pp. 190-230.
Schuyler, City Transformed, pp. 1-55.
Curt Miner, Curator, Levittown, Pa.--Building the Suburban Dream
Peter Bacon Hales, Levittown: Transformations of the Postwar Suburb
(rec) Lizabeth Cohen, A Consumers' Republic: The Politics of Mass Consumption in Postwar America (New York, 2003), esp. part 3, The Landscape of Mass Consumption.
(rec) Thomas J. Sugrue, The Origins of the Urban Crisis: Race and Inequality in Postwar Detroit (Princeton, 1996).
(rec) Lizabeth Cohen, "From Town Center to Shopping Center: The Reconfiguration of Community Marketplaces in Postwar America," American Historical Review 101 (Oct. 1996): 1050-81.
(rec) Thomas W. Hanchett, "U.S. Tax Policy and the Shopping-Center Boom of the 1950s and 1960s," American Historical Review 101 (Oct. 1996): 1082-110.
(rec) Greg Hise, "Home Building and Industrial Decentralization in Los Angeles: The Roots of the Postwar Urban Region," Journal of Urban History 19 (Feb. 1993): 95-125.
(rec) Mark Gelfand, A Nation of Cities: The Federal Government and Urban America 1933-1965 (New York, 1975), pp. 198-237.

April 4 (evening) Exploring downtown Lancaster.  First Friday, the arts, and community revitalization.  A walking tour.

Apr. 7  The Automobile, Robert Moses and the Public Authority
Jackson, Crabgrass Frontier, pp. 157-89.
(re) Hilary Ballon and Kenneth T. Jackson, eds., Robert Moses and the Modern City: The Transformation of New York (New York, 2007).
(re) Raymond A. Mohl, "Planned Destruction: The Interstates and Central City Housing," in Bauman, et al., From Tenements to the Taylor Homes, pp. 226-45.
(rec) Clay McShane, Down the Asphalt Path: The Automobile and the American City (New York, 1995).
(rec) Leonard Wallock, "The Myth of the Master Builder," Journal of Urban History 17 (Aug. 1991): 339-62.
(rec) Scott A. Bottles, Los Angeles and the Automobile: The Making of the Modern City (Berkeley, 1987).
(rec) Robert A. Caro, The Power Broker: Robert Moses and the Fall of New York (New York, 1974).

Apr. 9  Urban Redevelopment
Schuyler, City Transformed, pp. 59-82.
David Schuyler, et al., Urban Renewal and the Changing Face of Lancaster.
(rec) Carl Abbott, "Five Strategies for Downtown: Policy Discourse and Planning Since 1943," in Mary Corbin Sies and Christopher Silver, eds.,  Planning the Twentieth-Century American City (Baltimore, 1996), pp. 404-27.
(rec) Joel Schwartz, The New York Approach: Robert Moses, Urban Liberals, and the Redevelopment of the Inner City (Ithaca, 1993).
(rec) Jon C. Teaford, The Rough Road to Renaissance: Urban Revitalization in America, 1940-1985 (Baltimore, 1990).
(rec) John F. Bauman, Public Housing, Race, and Renewal: Urban Planning in Philadelphia, 1920-1974 (Philadelphia, 1987).
(rec) John H. Mollenkopf, The Contested City (Princeton, 1983).
(rec) Roy Lubove, Twentieth Century Pittsburgh: Government, Business, and Environmental Change (New York, 1969).
(rec) Thomas H. O'Connor, Building a New Boston: Politics and Urban Renewal 1950-1970 ((Boston, 1993).

Apr. 11 Urban Redevelopment (continued)
Schuyler, City Transformed, pp. 83-119.

Apr. 14  Race, Poverty, and Urban Policy
Schuyler, City Transformed, pp. 123-81.
Arnold Hirsch, "Choosing Segregation: Federal Housing Policy Between Shelley and Brown," in Bauman, et al., From Tenements to the Taylor Homes, pp. 206-25. EDISK
(rec) Colin Gordon, Mapping Decline: St. Louis and the Fate of the American City (Philadelphia, 2009).
(rec) Thomas W. Hanchett, "The Other 'Subsidized Housing': Federal Aid to Suburbanization, 1940s -1960s," in Bauman, et al., From Tenements to the Taylor Homes, pp. 163-79.
(rec) William Julius Wilson, When Work Disappears: The World of the New Urban Poor (New York, 1996).
(rec) Raymond A. Mohl, "Making the Second Ghetto in Metropolitan Miami, 1940-1960," Journal of Urban History 21 (Mar. 1995): 395-427.
(rec) Howard Gillette, Jr., Between Justice and Beauty: Race, Planning, and the Failure of Urban Policy in Washington, D.C. (Baltimore, 1995), pp. 135-214.
(rec) William Julius Wilson, The Truly Disadvantaged: The Inner City, the Underclass, and Public Policy (Chicago, 1987).
(rec) Arnold Hirsch, Making the Second Ghetto: Race and Housing in Chicago, 1940-1960 (1983; Chicago, 1998).

Apr. 16  Persisting Contrasts: Trump Tower and the New Underclass
Alexander von Hoffman, "Why They Built Pruitt-Igoe," in Bauman, et al., From Tenements to the Taylor Homes, pp. 180-205. EDISK
(rec) Raymond A. Mohl, "Planned Destruction: The Interstates and Central City Housing," in Bauman, et al., From Tenements to the Taylor Homes, pp. 226-45.
(rec) Camilo Jose Vergara, The New American Ghetto (New Brunswick, N.J., 1995).
(rec) Michael B. Katz, The "Underclass" Debate: Views from History (Princeton, 1993).
(rec) Jonathan Kozol, Rachel and Her Children: Homeless Families in America (New York, 1988).

Apr. 18  Visions of Sprawl and Desolation
Robert Fishman, "America's New City: Megalopolis Unbound," Wilson Quarterly 14 (Winter 1990): 24-45. EDISK
Schuyler, A City Transformed, pp. 207-30.
Horne, Breach of Faith, pp. 1-30. 41-99, 120-31.
(rec) Howard Gillette, Camden After the Fall: Decline and Renewal in a Post-Industrial City (Philadelphia, 2005).
(rec) Robert Self, American Babylon: Race and the Struggle for Postwar Oakland (Princeton, 2005).
(rec) David Schuyler, "Reflections on Levittown at Fifty," Pennsylvania History 70 (Winter 2003): 101-9.
(rec) Dolores Hayden, Building Suburbia: Green Fields and Urban Growth, 1820-2000 (New York, 2003), pp. 154-229.
(rec) William Sharpe and Leonard Wallock, "Bold New City of Built Up Burb? Redefining Contemporary Suburbia," American Quarterly 46 (Mar. 1994): 1-30, and comments, pp. 31-61.
(rec) David Schuyler, "The New Urbanism and the Modern Metropolis," Urban History 24 (Dec. 1997): 344-58.
(rec) Philip Langdon, A Better Place to Live: Reshaping the American Suburb (Amherst, 1994).
(rec) Michael Ebner, "Experiencing Megalopolis in Princeton," Journal of Urban History 19 (Feb. 1993): 11-55.
(rec) R. Fishman, Bourgeois Utopias: The Rise and Fall of Suburbia (New York, 1987).

Apr. 21  Katrina, New Orleans and the Fate of Urban America
Horne, Breach of Faith, pp. 132-67, 200-74.
(rec) Eugenie L. Birch and Susan M. Wachter, eds., Rebuilding Urban Places After Disaster: Lessons from Katrina (Philadelphia, 2006).

Apr. 23  The Future of City, Suburb, and Region
Jackson, Crabgrass Frontier, pp. 283-305.
Horne, Breach of Faith, pp. 360-86.
(rec) Alexander von Hoffman, House by House, Block by Block: The Rebirth of America's Urban Neighborhoods (Oxford, 2003).
(rec) David Rusk, Baltimore Unbound: Creating a Greater Baltimore Region for the Twenty-first Century (Baltimore, 1996).
(rec) David Rusk, Cities Without Suburbs (Washington, 1993).