Manchester, England, and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, are what sociologist Jerome Hodos calls second citiesoviable alternatives to well-known global cities such as London and New York. In Second Cities, Hodos considers how Manchester and Philadelphia have confronted problems of globalization over the past two centuries. Hodos takes a rich comparative look at these cities, examining their history, economy, migration patterns, cultural innovations, foreign policy, and self-identity. He draws on multiple scholarly and theoretical traditions to make his case while offering an illustrative lens through which to view other urban centres that could be considered second cities: Atlanta, Bangalore, Seattle, Turin. His description and analysis of urban development over a broad timeframe offer lessons for policy makers, scholars, and community leaders concerned with globalization's impact on their own cities.