Severe Thunderstorm or Tornado

Severe Thunderstorms

Dangers that accompany thunderstorms:
  • Tornados

  • Flash Floods

  • Lightening

  • Damaging Winds

  • Large Hail

What to do:
  • Postpone outdoor activities
  • Move into a sturdy building or hardtop car
  • Avoid using electrical appliances or telephones

Tornado Watches and Warnings

A tornado watch means that weather conditions are favorable for the formation of a tornado. A tornado warning is issued when a tornado has actually been sighted in the surrounding area. 

For current weather conditions consult the National Weather Service (NOAA).

If a tornado warning has been issued and you are inside:
  • Stay inside.
  • Stay away from outside walls, windows, mirrors, glass, overhead fixtures, and unsecured objects such as filing cabinets or bookcases.
  • If possible, move to a below-ground-level floor, interior corridor, or a room or office without windows.
  • Crouch low and use your hands to cover the back of your head and neck.
  • Do not use elevators.
  • If requested, assist persons with disabilities to the safest area on the same floor.
  • Do not leave the shelter area until after the storm is over.
  • Continue to monitor the weather via radio or television until the tornado watch has been lifted for your area.
If a tornado warning has been issued and you are outside:
  • Look for a nearby safe structure in which to take shelter.
  • If you are in your car, get out of it. Never try to outrun a tornado in your automobile.
  • If there is no shelter, lie down flat in a low area, such as a ditch located away from trees.
  • Use your hands to cover the back of your head and neck.

 

Hazardous Material Spill

A hazardous material spill is a spill in which there is a significant amount of a hazardous material released or one in which the release of the substance cannot be controlled.

  • Examples of hazardous materials in quantities that would be considered a spill are: more than one gallon of bleach, more than 100 ml of sulfuric acid, greater than one gallon of gasoline, and any quantity of mercury.
  • Examples of infectious materials include blood and other body fluid.
Hazardous Material Spill Response ​
  • If the hazardous material comes in contact with your skin, immediately flush the affected area with copious amounts of water for at least 15 minutes, then seek medical attention.
  • Call Public Safety at 717-291-3939  
  • Evacuate the immediate area.  As you proceed, close doors behind you.
  • DO NOT attempt to clean up the spill yourself unless properly trained.
  • Make yourself available to emergency personnel to supply information to aid in clean up.
  • Provide as much of the following information as possible:
    • Where has the hazardous material spill occurred? Specify the floor, room number, and location in room
    • Has there been a fire and/or explosion?
    • Are there any injuries? If so, how many?
    • What material has been spilled?
    • What is the state of the material (i.e., solid, liquid, gas, or a combination)?
    • Is any of the hazardous material escaping in the form of chemical vapors or fumes? Or, is the hazardous material a running or dripping liquid?
Infectious Material Spill Response
  • If the infectious material comes in contact with your skin, immediately wash with soap and water.
  • DO NOT attempt to clean up the spill yourself unless properly trained.
  • Call Public Safety at 717-291-3939
  • Make yourself available to emergency personnel to supply information to aid in clean up.
  • Lab Safety Training is available to all Franklin & Marshall students in chemistry & biology lab at no cost. The department of Environmental Health & Safety holds classes at the beginning of each semester. We encourage you to participate in these training sessions. Contact EH & S at 717-291-4153 to schedule a training session.

 

Fire

Response to Fire or Suspected Fire
  • If a burning odor or smoke is present, pull a fire alarm to activate the fire alarm system.
  • If you are inside a room and the door is closed, feel the door before you open it.
  • If it is hot, do not open the door. Stuff towels or blankets at the bottom of the door.  Go to the window to signal for help.
  • If it is cool, use caution in opening the door.
  • If you can help control the fire without personal danger and have received training, take action with available fire extinguisher.  If not, leave the area.
  • Never allow the fire to come between you and an exit.  Leave the building, checking as you leave to make sure everyone has left the immediate area.  Close doors behind you to confine the fire.
  • Once you have evacuated the building, call Public Safety at 717-291-3939
    report the location of the fire and the material burning if known, 
  • Remain at the scene in a safe location away from fire and report this information to emergency service personnel as they arrive.
Response to Audible Fire Alarms
  • If the audible fire alarm sounds, evacuate the building.
  • If you can do so safely, shut off any gas in your area.
  • Leave immediately; do not delay to locate personal items
  • Make sure that all members of your area respond to the alarm. 
  • Evacuate the area; as you exit, quickly check nearby restrooms, copier rooms, storage rooms, etc..
  • Use the nearest stairway.  Do not use elevators.
  • Accompany and assist persons with disabilities.
  • Shut all doors behind you as you go.  Closed doors can slow the spread of fire and smoke.
  • Evacuate as quickly as possible but in an orderly manner.  Do not push or shove.
  • Once outside, move at least 100 feet from the building.
  • Meet at your assembly area for the Emergency Coordinator to account for all members of your floor or department.
  • Return to the building only when given the "all clear" by Public Safety.

Fire Extinguisher training is available to all Franklin & Marshall College students, faculty, and staff at no cost.  Environmental Health & Safety holds classes throughout the year.  We encourage you to participate in these training sessions.  Contact EH&S at 717-291-4153 or Service Response at  to schedule a training session. 



Flooding & Water Damage

Serious water damage can occur from a number of sources: broken pipes, clogged drains, damaged skylights or windows, severe weather or construction errors.

If a water leak occurs;
  • To report the exact location and severity of the leak, call Public Safety at 717-291-3939.
  • If there are electrical appliances or outlets near the leak, use extreme caution.
  • If there is any possible danger whatsoever, evacuate the area immediately.
  • If you know the source of the water and are confident of your ability to stop it, do so.
  • Be prepared to assist in protecting objects that are in jeopardy. 
  • Take only essential steps to avoid or reduce immediate water damage, such as covering objects.
 

Explosion

Life-threatening explosions may be caused by chemicals, leaking gas, faulty boilers,  or falling aircraft, to name a few.

If you hear or are in the areas of an explosion:
  • Call Public Safety at 717-291-3939 or dial 911
  • Be prepared for possible further explosions
  • Crawl under a table or desk
  • Stay away from windows, mirrors, filing cabinets, bookcases, overhead fixtures, and electrical equipment
  • Do not move seriously injured persons unless they are in obvious immediate danger (of fire, building collapse, etc.)
  • Before opening a door, first feel the door for heat
    • If a door is warm, do not open the door
    • If a door is cool, open the door carefully and proceed with extreme caution
  • Watch for falling objects
  • Do not use elevators
  • Accompany and assist persons with disabilities
  • Do not use matches or lighters
  • Use the telephones for emergency service calls only.
  • If the fire alarm sounds, evacuate the building


Earthquake

If you are inside during an earthquake:
  • Take cover under a table or desk. or stand in a doorway 
  • In areas where cover is not available, kneel at the base of an interior wall, facing the wall and with head down and covered by arms
  • Turn your body away from windows and mirrors
  • Be alert for falling objects and stay away from filing cabinets, bookcases, overhead fixtures, and electrical equipment.
If you are outside during and earthquake:
  • Move to an open area away from buildings, trees and power lines
  • If unable to move to an open area, watch for falling objects
If you are in an automobile during an earthquake:
  • Stop your vehicle in the nearest open area
  • Stay in the vehicle until the shaking stops
After an earthquake:
  • Be aware of the possibility of aftershocks.
  • If possible and it is safe to do so, evacuate the building as soon as the shaking has ceased.
  • Do not move injured persons unless they are in obvious immediate danger (from fire, building collapse, etc.)
  • Open doors carefully and proceed with caution
  • Watch for falling objects.
  • Do not use elevators.
  • Do not use matches or lighters.
  • Use the telephones for emergency service calls only.