Franklin & Marshall College Franklin & Marshall College

Pandemic Influenza

Franklin & Marshall College has developed specific Pandemic Emergency Response Plans as part of the overall Campus Emergency Response & Crisis Management Plan (The Plan).  Please note:  Franklin & Marshall authorization is required in order to view The Plan.

What is an Influenza Pandemic?

A pandemic is a disease outbreak that spreads rapidly and affects many people worldwide.  This differs from an epidemic, which may be restricted to one locale.  Examples of pandemics in history in history include:

  • 1918-19 Spanish Flu
  • 1968-69 Hong Kong Flu
  • West Nile Virus

Types of Flu & How It Spreads

There are three different types of flu:  Influenza A, B, and C, with symptoms ranging from mild to severe.  The H5N1 (Bird Flu) virus falls into Category A.  Wild birds are the natural hosts for an A virus.  It spreads through contact with humans.   Once in humans,  it spreads by sneezing, coughing and touching contaminated objects.

Avoid Contamination - Some Practical Steps
  • Practice good hand hygiene.
  • Wash with soap & water for 20 seconds.
  • Use an alcohol-based hand cleaner when you are not near soap & water.
  • Avoid shaking hands or  touching doorknobs and sink faucets.
  • If you think you have the flu, seek medical advice early.

For more information: