Franklin & Marshall College Franklin & Marshall College

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Courses Offered
Scientific & Philosophical Studies of Mind

A list of regularly offered courses follows. Please note the key for the following abbreviations: (A) Arts; (H) Humanities; (S) Social Sciences; (N) Natural Sciences with Laboratory; (LS) Language Studies requirement; (NSP) Natural Science in Perspective; (NW) Non-Western Cultures requirement.

Note that courses below marked with an asterisk (*) have prerequisites that do not count toward the SPM major.

I. CORE

250. Philosophy of Mind. (H)

A general introduction to the philosophy of mind, addressing four key philosophical issues: the nature of psychological explanation; the mind-body problem; the possibility of artificial intelligence; and the nature of persons. Prerequisite: one course in philosophy or psychology. Same as PHI 250.Helm

337. Philosophy of Natural Science. (H) (NSP)

The goals, methods, assumptions and limitations of natural science. Special attention will be paid to the philosophy of psychology, cognitive science and evolutionary biology. Same as PHI/STS 337. Ross

499. Senior Research Seminar.

Intensive research and writing on a topic of the student’s choice. Permission of the instructor is required. Offered every Fall. Anderson

Courses not cross-listed with SPM. See department listing for descriptions.

Psychology 100. Introductory Psychology. (N)

Psychology 230. Experimental Design and Statistics.

II. Areas of Concentration

A. Cognitive Science

1. Sciences

240. Neuroscience. (N)

Principles of nervous system function from the molecular through the organ system level as illustrated by the vertebrates and invertebrates. Approximately one half of the course will cover basic cellular principles of nervous system organization, development and physiology. The remaining lectures will consider the role of functionally identified neural networks in behavior control. Prerequisite: BIO 220 or BFB/PSY 302. Offered every Spring. Same as BFB/BIO/PSY 240. Jinks

301. Sensation and Perception.

Review of phenomena and research on sensory processes and their role in perception. Readings and discussion will examine evidence from behavioral, psychophysical and physiological research and consider implications for explanations arising from the mechanistic, cognitive, computational and naturalistic theoretical perspectives. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or permission. Corequisite: PSY 230 or BIO 210. Offered every Spring. Same as BFB/PSY 301. Owens

302. Biopsychology. (N)

Behavioral and mental processes as viewed from a biological perspective with particular emphasis upon the role of neurochemical and endocrine factors in central nervous system function. Topics covered will include reproduction and gender, chemical senses and ingestion, emotion, learning, sleep and psychopathology. A neuropharmacological approach to the study of the nervous system will be emphasized. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or BIO 110 or permission. Corequisite: PSY 230 or BIO 210. Offered every Fall. Same as BFB/PSY 302. Roth

304. Developmental Psychology.

An examination of the relative contributions of nature and nurture on children’s behavioral, cognitive and perceptual development from the prenatal period through adolescence. Topics include the development of language, concepts, intelligence, socialization, motor abilities and emotional understanding, with discussion informed by current and classic primary reading. Research activities and analyses integrated into coursework. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or permission. Corequisite: PSY 230 or BIO 210. Offered every Fall. Same as PSY 304. Hartin

305. Cognitive Psychology.

This course provides an overview of human cognitive processes. Topics covered include knowledge acquisition, memory, concept formation, text processing, thinking, problem solving and decision making. We will compare several approaches to the study of cognition, and we will examine and evaluate both classic and contemporary theory and research. Research activities and analyses integrated into coursework. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or permission. Corequisite: PSY 230 or BIO 210. Offered every Fall. Same as PSY 305. Anderson

306. Evolution of Mind and Intelligence.

What is intelligent behavior, what is it for and how did it evolve? We will attempt to answer these questions and understand the nature and development of Mind from a comparative perspective. We will do so by investigating learning, perception, memory, thinking and language in animals and humans. Research activities and analyses integrated into coursework. Prerequisites: One of: PSY 100, PSY 301, PSY 302, PSY 303, PSY 304, PSY 305, BIO 240, BIO 250 or PHI 338, or permission. Corequisite: PSY 230 or BIO 210. Same as BFB/PSY 306. Staff

312. Embodied Cognition. (NSP)

In this course we will study intelligence by focusing on perception and action in the environment. To this end, we will focus on ecological psychology, robotics, artificial neural networks and simulated evolution. Although students will be expected to build simple robots and work with computer models, no background knowledge of engineering or computing will be assumed. (Knowledge of programming is not required.) Prerequisite: PSY 100. Offered every Spring. Same as PSY 312. Staff

480. Collaborative Research in Comparative Cognition and Behavior. (N)

Comparative perspectives and approaches to the study of selected topics drawn from cognitive and developmental psychology, cognitive ethology, cognitive and behavioral neuroscience, cognitive science and behavioral primatology. Research required. Prerequisites: PSY 230 or BIO 210, one of PSY 250, 301, 302, 303, 304, 305, 306; or one of BIO 250, 330, 379; or one of BFB 250, 301, 302, 306, 330, 379; or permission of the instructor. Offered every Spring. Same as BFB/PSY 480. Staff

481. Collaborative Research in Developmental Psychology. (N)

An overview of methods for conducting research with children, with an emphasis on ethics of working with child participants. Current empirical and theoretical issues in developmental psychology are addressed through literature review and group research projects. Topics reflecting student interests are considered. Laboratory research required. Prerequisites: PSY 230 or BIO 210; PSY 304, or permission. Offered every Spring. Same as PSY 481. Hartin

483. Collaborative Research in Human Cognition. (N)

An in-depth consideration of selected empirical and theoretical issues in cognitive psychology. Emphasis is on recent literature covering basic research in cognitive psychology, cognitive neuroscience and computational neuroscience modeling, including such topics as attention and resource allocation, representation, concept formation, memory and topics reflecting research interests of participating students. Laboratory research required. Prerequisites: PSY 230 or BIO 210; PSY/SPM 305, or permission. Offered every Spring. Same as PSY 483. Anderson

485. Collaborative Research in Human Perception and Action. (N) 

Contemporary research and theories of the interrelations of perceptual and motor processes. Content will be drawn from the literatures of experimental psychology, neurophysiology and human factors. Animal models and computational algorithms will be considered when applicable, with primary emphasis on implications for human performance. Laboratory research required. Prerequisites: PSY 230 or BIO 210; PSY 301, or permission. Offered every Fall. Same as PSY 485. Owens

Courses not cross-listed with SPM. See department listing for descriptions.

BIO 220. Principles of Physiology and Development.*(N)

CPS 210. Intermediate Programming.*

PSY/BFB/BIO 250. Animal Behavior. (N)

PSY/BFB 310. Conditioning and Learning.

PSY 487. Collaborative Research in Biological Psychology. (N)

2. Humanities

355. Possibility of Artificial Intelligence. (H)

A critical analysis of the progress and prospects of attempts to build intelligent machines. Prerequisites: PHI 244 and SPM/PHI 250; or permission of instructor. Same as PHI/PSY 355. Staff

Courses not cross-listed with SPM. See department listing for description.

LIN 101. Introduction to Linguistics.

PHI 244. Symbolic Logic. (H)

PHI 331. Free Will. (H)

PHI 335. Epistemology. (H)

PHI 339. Philosophy of Language. (H)

PHI 342. Rational Choice. (H)

B. Moral Psychology

1. Sciences

304. Developmental Psychology.

An examination of the relative contributions of nature and nurture on children’s behavioral, cognitive and perceptual development from the prenatal period through adolescence. Topics include the development of language, concepts, intelligence, socialization, motor abilities and emotional understanding, with discussion informed by current and classic primary reading. Research activities and analyses integrated into coursework. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or permission. Corequisite: PSY 230 or BIO 210. Offered every Fall. Same as PSY 304. Hartin

307. Personality Psychology.

This course provides an evaluative and comparative overview of major models of personality selected to illustrate psychodynamic, trait, cognitive, humanistic, physiological and learning approaches. The course will emphasize the testability of the models and their connection with current research. Research activities and analyses integrated into coursework. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or permission. Corequisite: PSY 230 or BIO 210. Offered every Spring. Same as PSY 307. Troy

308. Psychopathology.

This course will serve as an introduction to descriptive and theoretical approaches to the study of psychopathology. In addition to the study of disease-related processes, special emphasis will be placed upon developing an understanding of those biological, psychological and social conditions that are essential for healthy psychosocial functioning across the life span. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or permission. Offered every Spring. Same as PSY 308. Penn

309. Social Psychology.

This course involves the student in exploration of some of the basic topics in experimental approaches to social psychology, such as cognitive and motivational perspectives on social phenomena, the role of affect and emotion in social action and current uses of the concept of self. Issues explored in this context include self-affirmation processes, regulation of social action and the relationship between affect, cognition and action. Research activities and analyses integrated into coursework. Prerequisite: PSY 100 or permission. Corequisite: PSY 230 or BIO 210. Offered every Spring. Same as PSY 309. Knowles

481. Collaborative Research in Developmental Psychology. (N)

An overview of methods for conducting research with children, with an emphasis on ethics of working with child participants. Current empirical and theoretical issues in developmental psychology are addressed through literature review and group research projects. Topics reflecting student interests are considered. Laboratory research required. Prerequisites: PSY 230 or BIO 210; PSY 304, or permission. Offered every Spring. Same as PSY 481. Hartin

489. History and Philosophy of Psychology. (N)

The historical origins of contemporary psychology in European philosophy, physiology and biology and subsequent development of the schools of structuralism, functionalism, Gestalt, behaviorism and psychoanalysis. Emphasis on identifying the goals, implicit assumptions and potential contributions of scientific psychology. Prerequisite: Senior psychology major status or permission of instructor. Offered every Fall. Same as PSY/STS 489. Owens, Anderson

Courses not cross-listed with SPM. See department listing for description.

PSY 482. Collaborative Research in Social Psychology. (N)

PSY 484. Collaborative Research in Personality. (N)

PSY 488. Collaborative Research in Psychopathology. (N)

SOC 220. Social Psychology.*

SOC 301. History of Sociological Theory.*

SOC 320. Criminology.*

SOC 480. Sociology of Law.* 

2. Humanities

360. Concept of a Person. (H)  

A careful examination of what it is to be a person, as an autonomous moral agent whose life can be meaningful and of what distinguishes persons from the “lower” animals. Prerequisite: one prior course in philosophy, or permission of the instructor. Same as PHI 360. Helm

361. Moral Psychology. (H)

Moral psychology is the study of human moral agency. As such, it is constrained by, and must cohere with, the facts about human psychology; but its primary focus is on human good, an evaluative notion. Central questions include: What are reasons and what role do they play in action? What is character and how is it related to virtue? What is free will, can we have it and how do we best explain weakness of the will? Prerequisite: one prior course in philosophy, or permission of the instructor. Same as PHI 361. Helm

Courses not cross-listed with SPM. See department listing for description.

GOV 241. Classical Political Theory. (H)

GOV 242. Modern Political Theory. (H)

PHI 220. Moral Theory. (H)

PHI 319. 20th-Century Continental Philosophy. (H)

PHI 331. Free Will. (H)

RST 384. Soul in Search of Selfhood: The Writings of St. Augustine. (H)

III. SPECIAL TOPICS.

See program chairperson for information on what major requirements particular special topics offerings satisfy.

TOPICS COURSES Expected TO BE OFFERED IN 2015 – 2016

Philosophy of Emotions.

490. Independent Study.

Independent study directed by the SPM staff. Permission of the chairperson required.