Franklin and Marshall College

Department of Earth and Environment

Geology 110, The Dynamic Earth

Spring Semester, 2011


TEACHER:  Dr. Stan Mertzman

Office:  Hackman Physical Sciences Building – Room 121A

Office hours: M and F: 12:30-2:30 PM, T and Th: 10:00 - Noon, or by appointment.

Telephone:  at School:  291-3818. at Home:  295-1290

E-mail: Stan.Mertzman@fandm.edu (the easiest and most reliable method to contact me!)


*****************************************************************************************

My goal in this course is to help you arrive at an understanding of how the Earth operates as an evolving planet. My wish for you is that, as a result of doing well in this course, you will be able to understand how and why the landscape around you looks the way it does regardless of where you might be standing at the time.

*****************************************************************************************


Course Text: Understanding Earth, 6th Edition by John Grotzinger and Tom Jordan (2010)


Lab Text:  Laboratory Manual In Physical Geology: Geology, 8th Edition, Edited by R. M. Busch (2009)


Class convenes in Hackman-131; Lab convenes in Hackman-115 at 1:30 PM beginning Tuesday, January 25, 2011. PowerPoint presentations will be placed on e-disk the same day they are used in either class or lab. You will have access to them for the entire semester.


Attendance Policy: You are permitted 3 un-excused absences from class during the term.  The 4th absence will cause your final grade to diminish by 1/3 of a letter grade and so on. Attendance at all labs (as always) is mandatory.

              

Grading:                           15% for each of two lecture period exams

                                          25% for the final exam

                                          25% for the lab portion of course that includes two lab quizzes, the geophysics                  experiment lab report, and your weekly performance in lab

                                          10% for class participation and 

                                          10% for the class writing assignment (see additional handout)


Examination Schedule:   Monday, February 21, 2011                          

                                          Monday, April 4, 2011            

******************************************************************************************

The following syllabus lists the assigned lecture readings for each class meeting together with the

appropriate pages in the textbook to be read prior to coming to the class meeting.


Date                                  Topic                                                             Chapter and Pages


Jan. 19                               Course introduction                                        Preface, xxiii-xxxv; Ch.1, pp. 1-23

Jan. 21                               Building a planet                                             Ch. 1, pp. 1-23

Date                                  Topic                                                             Chapter and Pages

                                                        

Jan. 24                               Plate tectonics I                                              Ch. 2, pp. 25-42

Jan. 26                               Plate tectonics II                                             Ch. 2, pp. 42-53

Jan. 28                               Minerals                                                          Ch. 3, pp. 55-74, Append. 3 & 4,

                                                                                                                  pp. AP-3 through AP-8


Jan. 31                               Rock forming minerals; rocks                         Ch. 3, pp. 74-87

Feb. 2                                Igneous rocks                                                  Ch. 4, pp. 89-100

Feb. 4                                Igneous rocks                                                  Ch. 4, pp. 100-111


Feb. 7                                Volcanism I                                                     Ch. 12, pp. 305-318   

Feb. 9                                Volcanism II                                                   Ch. 12, pp. 318-335                           

Feb. 11                              Mount. St. Helens and Mount Pinatubo--Case studies


Feb. 14                              Weathering and erosion                                  Ch. 16, pp. 421-435

Feb. 16                              Sedimentary rocks                                          Ch. 5, pp. 113-145

Feb. 18                              Metamorphism and metamorphic rocks          Ch. 6, pp. 147-165


Feb. 21                              àHOUR EXAMINATION #1ß

Feb. 23                              Deformation                                                    Ch. 7, pp. 167-189

Feb. 25                              Time and Geology                                          Ch. 8, pp. 191-213


Feb. 28                              Early solar system history                               Ch. 9, pp. 215-243

March 2                             How continents form                                      Ch. 10, pp. 245-273   

March 4                             Geobiology                                                     Ch. 11, pp. 275-303


March 7                             Earthquakes                                                    Ch. 13, pp. 337-351

March 9                             More about earthquakes                                  Ch. 13, pp. 351-367

March 11                           Seismology                                                      Ch. 14, pp. 369-391


SPRING BREAK: Friday March 11, 4:20 PM until Monday March 21, 2011 at 8:00 AM


March 21                           The broad topic of climate system                  Ch. 15, pp. 393-419   

March 23                           Rock and soil mass movements                      Ch. 16, pp. 435-453

March 25                           Groundwater and the hydrologic cycle          Ch. 17, pp. 455-481


March 28                           Streams: erosion, transport, deposition           Ch. 18, pp. 483-511

March 30                           Streams: erosion, transport, deposition           Ch. 18, pp. 483-511

April 1                               Catch-up Day


April 4                               àHOUR EXAMINATION #2ß

April 6                               Winds and deserts, Part 1                               Ch. 19, pp. 513-520

April 8                               Winds and deserts, Part 2                               Ch. 19, pp. 520-533



Date                                  Topic                                                             Chapter and Pages


April 11                             Tides and currents                                           Ch. 20, pp. 535-548

April 13                             Shorelines                                                        Ch. 20, pp. 548-567

April 15                             Glacial activity and landscapes                       Ch. 21, pp. 569-580


April 18                             Glacial activity and landscapes                       Ch. 21, pp. 580-597

April 20                             Landscapes Part 1                                           Ch. 22, pp. 599-611

April 22                             Landscapes Part 2                                           Ch. 22, pp. 611-621


April 25                             Humans and the Holocene continued.            Ch. 23, pp. 623-642

April 27                             Humans and the Holocene still continued.     Ch. 23, pp. 642-654


*****************************************************************************************

The final examination in this course is scheduled by the Registrar's Office, not by your instructor.  Please check the time and place of the exam on the "final exam schedule" which usually becomes available in late February / early March, just before the beginning of spring break. The final exam period is Tuesday May 3 through Saturday May 7, 2011.


LABORATORY SYLLABUS


The following syllabus lists the schedule of laboratory exercises together with the appropriate pages in the

Lab Manual (LM) and the Lecture Text (LT).  Read over the material prior to coming to lab; do not work

out the exercises unless they are specifically assigned.  Do lab work in pencil, not pen. NB: The labs after March 11, 2009 may be re-arranged a bit depending on the weather.


Date                                  Type Of Exercise We'll Be Doing                Reading Assignment


                                         

Jan. 25                               Minerals - How to tell one from another        LT: Ch. 3, LM: Lab #3, pp. 47–74.



Feb. 1                                Magma crystallization and igneous rocks       LT: Ch. 4, LM: Lab #4 and #5,

                                                                                                            pp. 75-88 and pp. 89-108.


Feb. 8                                Sedimentary rocks                                          LT: Ch.5, LM: Lab #6, pp.109-132.



Feb. 15                              Metamorphic rocks                                         LT: Ch 6, LM: Lab #7, pp.133-150.








Date                                  Type Of Exercise We'll Be Doing                Reading Assignment


Feb. 22                              The Geologic time scale constructed              LT: inside front cover and p. 207;

                                          on the Williamson football field or in             LM: see p. 4.

                                          the hallways of the Hackman Bldg.


March 1                             àRock and mineral quiz followed by “Volcanoes of the Deep”ß



March 8                             Potholes field trip                                           Lab hand out

                                          or

                                          The basics of topographic maps                      LM: Lab #9, pp.167-191.

                                          (Need pencil with eraser, 6" plastic ruler)


****SPRING BREAK  Friday March 11, 4:20 PM until Monday March 21, 2011 at 8:00 AM****



March 22                           Chickies Rock Field Trip                                Lab handout

                                          or

                                          The basics of topographic maps                      LM: Lab #9, pp.167-191.

                                          (Need pencil with eraser, 6" plastic ruler)

                                         

March 29                           Seismology Lab: Chickies Rock Park             Lab handout



April 5                               Geologic structures, maps and block              LT: Ch 7,

                                          diagrams                                                          LM: Lab #10, pp. 195-212.

                                                                                                                 

April 12                             Conoy Creek field trip                                    Lab handout



April 19                             Indian Echo Cavern Fieldtrip                         Lab handout



April 26                             àSecond lab quiz (No rocks or minerals)ß