Franklin & Marshall College Franklin & Marshall College

Stanley A. Mertzman

Franklin & Marshall College
Department of Earth And Environment
Geology 321, Mineralogy
Fall Semester, 2011

TEACHER:  Dr. Stan Mertzman
Office:  Hackman-121A
Office hours: M and Th: 12:30 to 2:30 PM; Th: 10:00 to Noon; F: 1:00 to 2:30 PM.
Telephone:  At School:  291-3818; At Home:  295-1290
E-mail: Stan.Mertzman@fandm.edu (the best most reliable way to contact me and receive a quick meaningful answer). I do not own a cell phone so texting is not a viable alternative.
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Course Texts:

1) Earth Materials (2010) by Kevin Hefferan and John O’Brien.

2) Simon & Schuster’s Guide to Rocks and Minerals 29Pbk.

2) Petrography of Igneous and Metamorphic Rocks (1989) by A. R. Philpotts

No computers for note taking during class. Buy yourself a notebook for this course. The notes you take will be the first item you ought to review in preparation for the exams. Also get in the habit of turning your cell phone off and going to the bathroom before you come to my 9:00 AM class. Class convenes in H-111; Lab convenes in H-111 at 1:30 PM beginning Wednesday, August 31, 2011. You will be given a hand lens for your personal use during this course. Please remember to bring it with you for labs and field trips.

Attendance Policy: You are permitted 3 un-excused absences from class during the term.  The 4th absence will cause your final grade to diminish by 1/3 of a letter grade. Attendance at all labs, as always, is mandatory.
               
Grading:    20% for each of two one-hour exams,
        25% for the final exam,
        25% for the lab portion of course which includes three quizzes,
        10% for class participation and homework assignments
Examination Schedule: Friday, September 30, 2011; Friday, November 4, 2011             
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The following syllabus lists the assigned lecture readings for each class meeting together with the appropriate pages in the textbook.  This material should be read prior to coming to the class meeting. EM = Earth Materials textbook, RM = Rocks and Minerals, P = the Philpotts text.

Date     Topic                    Chapter and pages

Aug 31    Overview, Identification Process        EM: Preface + Ch. 5, pp 111-144; RM: 31-61
Sept. 2    Physical properties, Silicate minerals    EM: Ch. 5, pp. 111-144; RM: 31-61; P: 26-29
Date     Topic                    Chapter and pages

Sept. 5    Physical properties, Silicate minerals    EM: Ch. 5, pp. 111-144; RM: 31-61; P: 26-29
Sept. 7    Non-silicate minerals             EM: Ch. 5, pp. 111-144; RM: 31-61; P: 26-29
Sept. 9    Minerals in context            EM: Ch. 1, pp. 1-18

Sept. 12    World view- plate tectonics        EM: Ch. 1, pp. 1-18    
Sept. 14    Atoms, elements, ions…        EM: Ch. 2, pp. 19-45
Sept. 16    Atoms, elements, ions…        EM: Ch. 2, pp. 19-45

Sept. 19    Atoms, elements, ions    …        EM: Ch. 2, pp. 19-45            
Sept. 21    Ionic substitution, phase diagrams    EM: Ch. 3, pp. 46-74 + handouts        
Sept. 23    Ionic substitution, phase diagrams    EM: Ch. 3, pp. 46-74 + handouts

Sept. 26    Ionic substitution, phase diagrams    EM: Ch. 3, pp. 46-74 + handouts
Sept. 28    Ionic substitution, phase diagrams    EM: Ch. 3, pp. 46-74 + handouts
Sept. 30    Examination #1.            

Oct. 3    Phase diagrams, isotopes        EM: Ch. 3, pp. 46-74 + Handouts        
Oct. 5    Phase diagrams, isotopes        EM: Ch. 3, pp. 46-74 + Handouts
Oct. 7    Phase diagrams, isotopes        EM: Ch. 3, pp. 46-74 + Handouts

Oct. 10    Phase diagrams, isotopes        EM: Ch. 3, pp. 46-74 + Handouts    
Oct. 12    Phase diagrams, isotopes        EM: Ch. 3, pp. 46-74 + Handouts
Oct. 14    Crystallography            EM: Ch. 4, pp. 75-110 + handout

Oct. 17    NO CLASS (Fall Break)
Oct. 19    Crystallography            EM: Ch. 4, pp. 75-110 + handout
Oct. 21    Crystallography            EM: Ch. 4, pp. 75-110 + handout
                    
Oct. 24    Crystallography            EM: Ch. 4, pp. 75-110 + handout    
Oct. 26    Crystallography            EM: Ch. 4, pp. 75-110 + handout    
Oct. 28    Crystallography            EM: Ch. 4, pp. 75-110 + handout            
    
Oct 31    Crystallography            EM: Ch. 4, pp. 75-110 + handout    
Nov. 2    Crystallography            EM: Ch. 4, pp. 75-110 + handout        
Nov. 4    Examination #2.
                
Nov. 7    Optical Mineralogy            EM: Ch. 6, pp. 145-181; P: pp. 4-24
Nov. 9    Optical Mineralogy            EM: Ch. 6, pp. 145-181; P: pp. 4-24
Nov. 11    Optical Mineralogy            EM: Ch. 6, pp. 145-181; P: pp. 4-24    

Nov. 14    Optical Mineralogy            EM: Ch. 6, pp. 145-181; P: pp. 4-24 + handouts
Nov. 16    Optical Mineralogy            EM: Ch. 6, pp. 145-181; P: pp. 4-24
Nov. 18    Optical Mineralogy            EM: Ch. 6, pp. 145-181; P: pp. 4-24
Date     Topic                    Chapter and pages
    
Nov. 21    Optical Mineralogy            EM: Ch. 6, pp. 145-181; P: pp. 4-24
Nov. 23    THANKSGIVING BREAK
Nov. 25    THANKSGIVING BREAK

Nov. 28    Sedimentary Rocks            EM: Ch. 11, pp. 295-327; RM: entries 323-347
Nov. 30    Sedimentary Rocks            EM: Ch. 11, pp. 295-327; RM: entries 323-347
Dec. 2    Igneous Rocks                EM: Ch. 7, pp. 182-211; RM: entries 277-322          
Dec. 5    Igneous Rocks                EM: Ch. 7, pp. 182-211; RM: entries 277-322
Dec. 7    Metamorphic rocks            EM: Ch. 15, pp. 438-454; RM: entries 352-377
Dec. 9    Metamorphic rocks            EM: Ch. 15, pp. 438-454; RM: entries 352-377

A simple introduction to rocks can be found in RM, pp. 414-438. Please peruse.    
    
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The final examination in this course is scheduled by the Registrar's Office, not by your instructor.  Please check the time and place of the exam on the "final exam schedule" which usually becomes available in early October, the week before fall break. Also, please make sure you and/or your parents do not schedule winter break vacation travel until you know your final exam schedule. The final exam period is Wednesday December 14 through Sunday December 18, 2011.

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LABORATORY SYLLABUS

The following syllabus lists the assigned readings for each lab session. This material should be read prior to coming to the lab. EM = Earth Materials; RM = Rocks and Minerals; P = Philpotts.

Date    TYPE OF EXERCISE WE'LL BE DOING    Reading Assignment

Aug 31    Mineral Identification: silicates            RM: pp. 31-61; entries #157-274.

Sept 7    Mineral Identification: non-silicates            RM: entries #1-156

Sept 14    Field Trip to the dumps of the old Cornwall Iron Mine courtesy of the HK Group, Inc.

Sept 21    Field Trip to the Penn / MD Quarry courtesy of the HK Group, Inc.

Sept 28    X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD)            Handout

Oct 5    Mineral ID quiz #1: silicates (First 1/3-1/2 of lab)    
        Thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA)            Handout

Date    TYPE OF EXERCISE WE'LL BE DOING    Reading Assignment

Oct 12    Mineral ID quiz #2: non-silicates (First 1/3-1/2 of lab)
        Introduction to external symmetry            EM: Ch 4, pp. 75-100; RM: 8-31
        External planar symmetry and M. C. Escher         Handout

Oct 19    External symmetry continued                EM: Ch 4, pp. 75-100; RM: 8    -31        Tetragonal, orthorhombic, and hexagonal systems    Handout

Oct 26    External symmetry continued                EM: Ch 4, pp. 75-100; RM: 8-31
        Isometric, monoclinic, triclinic systems        Handout

Nov 2    External symmetry ID quiz (First ½ of lab)
        Introduction to the petrographic microscope        EM: CH. 6, pp. 145-181; P: 1-24     

Nov 9    2nd microscope lab                    EM: CH. 6, pp. 145-181; P: 1-24

Nov 16    3rd microscope lab                    EM: CH. 6, pp. 145-181; P: 1-24

Nov 23    No Lab. Thanksgiving Holiday.

Nov 30    4th microscope lab—a wrap up            EM: CH. 6, pp. 145-181; P: 1-24

Dec 7    Optics lab quiz (have entire period if needed)

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There is much new knowledge to be discovered in a mineralogy course. To provide you hope that you can survive and potentially do well in this course, please peruse pp. 26-29 in the Philpotts’ spiral bound book. That summary provides you a checklist. If you can write a paragraph about each of those minerals in terms of what it tells you about the geologic situation in which it was found together with how you distinguish it from all the other minerals in the neighborhood, you will do well in this course.
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