Franklin & Marshall College Franklin & Marshall College

By-Laws

Article I – Name and Mission

Section 1: Name

The name of the organization shall be the John Marshall Pre-Law Honor Society (“the Society”).

Section 2: Mission Statement

The Mission Statement of the Society shall be:

“It will be the goal of the society to serve as an exclusive, student-based organization intent on fostering the personal growth and development of well-rounded individuals who possess a genuine interest in legal education and a sincere commitment to the noble profession of Law. The Honor Society will strive to support and educate its members by participating in law-oriented functions, hosting esteemed guests to speak on legal and related topics, and assisting those interested in pursuing the study of Law.”

Article II – Governing Body

Section 1: The Executive Board

The Society’s governing body shall be the Executive Board (“the Board”). The Board shall consist of a Chair, a Secretary-Treasurer, an Admissions Director, an Events Director, and a Public Relations Director. Each member of the Board shall be a member of the Society and shall have one vote in all matters not resolved through consensus. The Board shall be responsible for, but not limited to, any and all managerial and leadership responsibilities, as well as any other responsibilities that it deems appropriate so as to maintain and advance the Society and its mission.

Section 2: Responsibilities

All members of the Board shall be elected according to the guidelines outlined in Article II, Section 4, and shall serve a term of approximately one calendar year (barring unforeseen circumstances or resignation), not-to-exceed the time between their election and the election of their successors. In the event of a resignation, the remaining Board members shall use their discretion regarding the selection of a temporary replacement whose tenure shall last until the next scheduled election. All members of the Board shall be expected to carry out, but are not limited to, the following responsibilities:

A. The Chair shall:
a. Represent the Society before other on- and off-campus organizations and student government bodies, as well as before the broader Franklin & Marshall College (“the College”) and local communities;
b. Coordinate with and oversee communication between all members of the Board;
c. Hold and preside over meetings of both the Board and the Society as a whole;
d. Maintain regular communication with the Pre-Law Adviser;
e. Oversee the election of new Board members in conjunction with the Secretary-Treasurer and in accord with the guidelines outlined in Article II, Section 4.

B. The Secretary-Treasurer shall:
a. Take notes at and compile/maintain minutes of all Board and Society meetings;
b. Maintain an up-to-date budget regarding all Society finances;
c. Maintain an up-to-date calendar regarding all Board and Society events (including meetings);
d. Oversee the election of new Board members in conjunction with the Chair and in accord with the guidelines outlined in Article II, Section 4.

C. The Admissions Director shall:
a. Work with the Pre-Law Adviser to communicate with the College community regarding the application process for membership in the Society;
b. Collect, compile, and organize all applications from prospective members;
c. Disseminate all applications to the members of the Board for review;
d. Set-up and preside over a meeting at the start of the academic year at which members of the Board review applications and select new members of the Society.

D. The Events Director shall:
a. Establish and oversee an Events Committee to be compiled of all interested members of the Society;
b. Work with the Events Committee to plan, organize, and carry-out various events both within the Society and in conjunction with the broader College community;
c. Work with the Public Relations Director to publicize said events;
d. Work with the Secretary-Treasurer to finance said events;
e. Delegate tasks and responsibilities to members of the Events Committee as needed, establishing formal positions when appropriate.

E. The Public Relations Director shall:
a. Establish and oversee a Public Relations Committee to be compiled of all interested members of the Society;
b. Work with the Public Relations Committee to communicate on behalf of the Society with the broader College community regarding events and other Society activities, and to publicize said events and activities through all means necessary;
c. Use tools including but not limited to social media and email for publicity and communication purposes;
d. Maintain the Society website;
e. Serve as the administrator of the “Pre-Law @ F&M” blog;
f. Work with the Events Director when appropriate;
g. Delegate tasks and responsibilities to members of the Public Relations Committee as needed, establishing formal positions when appropriate.

Section 3: Committees

The standing committees shall be the Events Committee and the Public Relations Committee, overseen by the Events Director and the Public Relations Director, respectively. Additional committees may be created, as needed, at the discretion of the Board.

Section 4: Elections

Elections for Board members shall be held during the Society meeting which immediately follows Spring Break as established by the College’s academic calendar. Any current, non-graduating Society members shall be eligible to run for any Board position, provided that the candidates notify the Secretary-Treasurer and/or the Chair of their intent to run at least one week in advance of the election.

The election process shall be as follows:

  • Each candidate shall select his/her desired position as well as a second-choice position;
  • Each candidate shall have the opportunity to speak before the Society members present explaining his/her interest in the position(s) and qualifications;
  • Once each candidate who wishes to speak has spoken, all Society members present shall vote by secret ballot for their preferred candidates running for Chair;
  • The candidate running for Chair who receives the most votes shall be declared the winner, while those candidates running for Chair who do not receive the most votes shall be added to the pool of candidates for their second-choice positions;
  • All society members present shall vote by secret ballot for their preferred candidates running for Secretary-Treasurer;
  • The candidate running for Secretary-Treasurer who receives the most votes shall be declared the winner, while those candidates running for Secretary-Treasurer who do not receive the most votes shall be added to the pool of candidates for their second-choice positions, unless they have already been voted on twice;
  • All society members present shall vote by secret ballot for their preferred candidates running for Admissions Director;
  • The candidate running for Admissions Director who receives the most votes shall be declared the winner, while those candidates running for Admissions Director who do not receive the most votes shall be added to the pool of candidates for their second-choice positions, unless they have already been voted on twice;
  • All society members present shall vote by secret ballot for their preferred candidates running for Events Director;
  • The candidate running for Events Director who receives the most votes shall be declared the winner, while those candidates running for Events Director who do not receive the most votes shall be added to the pool of candidates for Public Relations Director, provided Public Relations Director was indicated as their second choice and they have not already been voted on twice;
  • All society members present shall vote by secret ballot for their preferred candidates running for Public Relations Director;
  • The candidate running for Public Relations Director who receives the most votes shall be declared the winner and final member of the Board to be selected.

Article III – Membership

Section 1: Application

The application for membership in the Society shall include, but is not limited to:

  1. All pertinent biographical information;
  2. The applicant’s cumulative and most recent semester Grade Point Averages;
  3. A Résumé;
  4. A Personal Statement;
  5. A written answer to a question agreed upon by the excutive board. 
  6. A letter of recommendation.
  7. A minimum F&M cumulative GPA of 3.20.

Section 2: Member Selection Process

At the end of each academic year, the Admissions Director shall work with the Pre-Law Adviser to inform students about the Society and to invite them to apply for membership. At the beginning of the following academic year, the Admissions Director shall convene a meeting of the Board to review and select potential members using a method of their choosing.

Section 3: Induction

Once new members have been selected, the Board shall organize a formal Induction Ceremony, at which new members will officially join the Society.

Section 4: Member Responsibilities

Students admitted into the Society are expected to be active in the furthering of the Society’s mission and in the personal and intellectual development of their fellow Society members. In order to fulfill this goal, the Board shall ensure that regular meetings are held and that all activities performed by and for the Society are as much to its benefit as possible.

Article IV – Amendments

Amendments to these By-Laws may only be made by members of the Society or the Pre-Law Adviser, and must be submitted to the Chair. The Chair shall convene a committee, in a manner of his/her choosing, which shall review proposed amendments and apply them to the By-Laws as it sees fit.

Drafted January 30, 2012

Amended April 29, 2013 

  • By-Laws of the John Marshall Pre-Law Honor Society
  • Drafted January 30, 2012

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