Franklin & Marshall College Franklin & Marshall College

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Women's and Gender Studies

A list of regularly offered courses follows. The indication of when a course will be offered is based on the best projection of the department and can be subject to change.

Please note the key for the following abbreviations: (A) Arts; (H) Humanities; (S) Social Sciences; (N) Natural Sciences with Laboratory; (LS) Language Studies requirement; (NSP) Natural Science in Perspective; (NW) Non-Western Cultures requirement; (W) Writing requirement. 

117. First-Year Seminar: German Secrets:
Germany Concealed and Revealed. (H) (W) Fall 2013

Secrets—concealed events, qualities, realities—personal, social, national. From Siegfried the Dragon-Killer’s mortal spot through the dark forests of fairytales, the revelations after the Third Reich and the Cold War, the course will examine the management of secrets, taboos and concealment in Germany’s cultural and political narrative in writing and film. Students will consider the role of secrecy and revelation in defining the stories that people, nations, and whole societies tell about themselves and their histories. Same as GER 117. Zorach

150. First-Year Seminar: Invisible Worlds. (S) (W) Fall 2013

In this First-Year Seminar, we will explore the “things that go bump in the night.” Some scholars have argued that we can learn a good deal about more visible social relations by paying careful attention to the stories groups tell about beings like ghosts and fairies. The seminar will test this theory through our exploration of texts, films and documentaries, as well as material drawn from other media. Some larger topics that will arise in this class include the social-historical construction of landscape, how people represent others through narrative and cultural concepts of gender. We will finish our seminar with consideration of the global appeal of a very famous invisible world, the magical reality of Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. Same as ANT 150. Bastian

157. First-Year Seminar: War and Gender in Modern Europe. (S) (W) Fall 2014

Exploration of the experiences of European men and women in the First and Second World Wars. Through literature, film, propaganda, and other primary sources, the course examines the shifts in masculine and feminine identities occasioned by total war. Same as HIS 157. Mitchell

160. First-Year Seminar: Rights and Representations. (S) (W) Fall 2013

This first-year seminar focuses on the social, legal and political controversies surrounding representation in American history and contemporary culture. It offers students an introduction to free speech rights as well as the history of censorship in the United States, with particular focus on issues of race and gender. The class will explore several explosive moments in which groups of Americans objected to their depiction in popular culture. Key questions are: When and how do representations hurt people? How are rights to free speech balanced with the equal protection in American law? Same as AMS 160. Kibler

210. Gendered Perspectives. (S) Every Semester

Focusing on issues related to women’s experiences in the contemporary United States and in other societies around the globe, this broad core course in women’s studies explores basic concepts, methods of inquiry, empirical studies and symbolic interpretations from a feminist perspective. WGS 210 is required for the WGS minor and Joint Majors. Students who are considering a WGS minor or Joint Major are urged to take WGS 210 early in their college career. Luttrell-Rowland, Kibler

213. Black American Film. (S) Spring 2014

An introduction to film studies using black film as a genre of Hollywood and independent film. Covers the work of Oscar Michaux through the “blaxploitation” films of the 1970s and beyond. Explores films as social commentary in their particular historical contexts. Particular attention is given to screen analysis of segregation, sexuality, class differences and more. Same as AFS/AMS/ TDF 213. Willard

231. Women Writers I. (H) Fall 2013

A study of the experiences of women as presented in selected British and American literature from the Middle Ages through the 19th century, as presented from a variety of cultural perspectives. We will consider various readings of the texts, including those that emphasize feminist theory and historical context. Among others, we will be reading Jane Austen, Aphra Behn, Anne Bradstreet, the Brontës, George Eliot and Mary Wollstonecraft. Same as ENG 231. Hartman

233. Women Writers II. (H) Fall 2014

A study of the changing world of American and British women in the 20th century as portrayed by women writers. The critical emphasis will be on feminist theory and the political, social and cultural background of the times. Among others, we will read works by Margaret Atwood, Toni Morrison, Sylvia Plath, Adrienne Rich, Anne Sexton, Edith Wharton and Virginia Woolf. Same as ENG 233. Hartman

242. Gender and Sexuality in Antiquity. (H) Fall 2014

The aim of this course is to explore the cultural constructions of gender and sexuality in the ancient societies of Greece and Rome. We will approach questions such as the status of women and the context of misogyny, the societal role of same-sex relations, the presentation and visualization of sexuality, desire and the body. We will examine archaeological, visual and literary evidence through assigned reading and class discussion. This interdisciplinary approach will allow us to gain an understanding of gender and sexuality in antiquity and will offer insights into the shaping of our own cultural and personal attitudes. Same as CLS 242. Meyers

244. Women in the Economy. (S) Spring 2014

An analysis of the roles women and men have historically played and continue to play in the economy, both within and outside of the labor market. Topics include the historical conditions under which dominant gender ideals emerged, the value of unpaid work and national accounting, occupational segregation and labor market discrimination. Economic and interdisciplinary approaches are used. Prerequisite: ECO 100 and 103, or permission of the instructor. Same as ECO 244. Nersisyan

245. Constructing Sexualities: LGBTIQ Life, Theory and Culture. (H) Spring 2014

Is same-sex attraction “natural”? What is the difference between “transgender” and “intersex”? What is “heteronormativity”? What does it mean to “queer” a bar or an academic discipline? Can we say that there were “gay” Greeks and Romans? Why do we use all these letters? In this team-taught course, faculty from the natural sciences (Psychology, Biology), social sciences (Law, BOS, Anthropology), and the humanities (Classics, Linguistics, Comparative Literary Studies) will help students better understand issues surrounding gender and sexual orientation that we encounter in academic discourse, popular culture, and everyday life.

250. Witchcraft and Sorcery in a Global Context. (S) 2014-2015

In this course we will consider how the categories of “witchcraft” and “sorcery” have been used in Anthropology, both to describe mystical acts (particularly mystical attacks) and as an ethnographic metaphor to discuss the pressures of communal life for individuals. Course content will consist of, but not be limited to, witchcraft and sorcery as a “social strain gauge,” witchcraft and sorcery as expressions of symbolic power, the gendered name of witchcraft and sorcery, as well as witchcraft and sorcery under conditions of Western-style modernity. Same as AFS/ANT/RST 250. Bastian

256. African American Literature I. (H) Fall 2013

Significant writers from the colonial period through the 19th century are studied to establish the Black literary tradition in the developing nation. Same as AFS/AMS/ENG 256. Bernard

257. African American Literature II. (H) Fall 2013

Selected writers from the Harlem Renaissance through the Black Aesthetics movement compose the modern study of the Black literary tradition in America. Same as AFS/AMS/ENG 257. Bernard

282. Women, Culture and Development. (NW) (S) Fall 2013

Role of gender in different cultures across the non-industrialized world and impact of economic development on the position of women and gender relations in these societies. Women’s contribution to economic and social change and the extent to which conventional methods of analysis in development economics can be applied to their situations. Examination of the development of the “Third World woman” in the development literature. Prerequisite: ECO 100 and 103, or permission of the instructor. Same as ECO 282. Zein-Elabdin

310. American Masculinities. (S) Spring 2014

This course explores the importance of masculinity and its various constructions in American history and the contemporary period. We begin by examining the theoretical and historical foundations of American masculinities. We will focus on key ways in which men (and women) sustain and recreate masculinities. Topics include manhood and the workplace, politics, sports, courtship, fatherhood, military, immigration and ethnicity, crime and prisons and religion. Same as AMS/HIS 310.Deslippe

320. Women in American Society and Politics since 1890. (S) Spring 2014

An interdisciplinary study of the various ways women have participated in American society and politics. Topics include the suffrage movement, modern modes of political participation and the New Deal and World War II. Critical analysis of the meaning of feminism and special attention to the post-1945 period. Same as AMS/HIS 320. Stevenson

322. Gender and Politics from a Global Perspective. (S) Fall 2014
This course explores how gender impacts politics and how the political system impacts women’s equality in the United States and around the world. The first part of the course evaluates theories and evidence from the political science scholarship about the “gender gap” in women’s political participation, preferences, leadership, and policy influence. The second part of the course focuses on women’s access to health care, education, employment, and legal/political rights in the developing world. We also consider how globalization, migration, religion, and conflict/wars impact the status of women around the world. Same as GOV 322. Hasunuma
345. Sociology of Sexuality. (S) Spring 2014

This course examines the idea that sex is not a natural act; instead, sex and human sexuality are socially constructed. We will examine how power—in a variety of forms—is at play in our social and cultural understandings and experiences of sex and sexuality. We will examine a variety of approaches to the study of sexuality as we consider sex, gender and sexual orientation, sexual relationships, the body, race/ethnicity, the commodification of sex, reproduction and contraception, and sexual violence. Prerequisite: SOC 100. Same as SOC 345. Faulkner

350. Sociology of Gender. (S) Spring 2014

An examination of the transmission of gender expectations and their impact on women’s and men’s educational and employment patterns, interpersonal relationships, psychological traits, family patterns and sexual behavior. Consideration of the role of biology, the intersection of gender with other variables such as social class and the impact of micro- and macro-scale change. Prerequisite: SOC 100. Same as SOC 350. Auster

351. Politics of Gender in Contemporary Art. (A) Fall 2017

An advanced seminar examining the challenges posed by the modern political movement of feminism to traditional ways of thinking about, looking at and making art. Emphasis is placed on work made during the last three decades of the 20th century. Questions considered include the feminist challenge to the cultural stereotype of “Artist”; women’s efforts to define a “female” aesthetic (or, is there such a thing?); the feminist critique of visual representation. Prerequisite: ART 103 or permission of the instructor. Same as ART 351. Aleci

355. The Body. (S) Spring 2014

Examines contemporary theoretical and ethnographic discussions relating to the human body. Topics covered will include social constructions of gender, reproduction and reproductive technologies, cultural ideologies of sexuality, social inscriptions on the body, “the body in extremis,” cultural depositions of the corpse and what some might call hybrid, cyborg or even virtual bodies. Prerequisite: ANT 200 or permission of the instructor. Same as ANT 355. Bastian

365. Queens, Goddesses and Archaeology. (S) 2014 - 2015

This course will consider how archaeologists examine gender and interpret the roles of women in ancient subsistence economies, politics and religions. To achieve this goal we will discuss the roles of women in egalitarian and stratified societies and explore the actions and status of both high-ranking and everyday women in the ancient world. Prerequisites: ANT 100, ANT 102, ANT 200 or permission of the instructor. Same as ANT 365. M. A. Levine

388. Public Health Research: Pregnancy Outcomes in American Women. (S) Spring 2014

This interdisciplinary seminar will explore women’s health and pregnancy outcomes through the lenses of both science and social analysis. In addition to reading and discussion on influences on pregnancy outcomes, students will examine results of surveys of Amish women in Lancaster County, African American and Hispanic women in Lancaster City and women of child-bearing age in central Pa. This course is supported by funds from the PA Dept. of Health. Prerequisite: any course that includes methods of data analysis or permission. Same as PUB/STS/GOV 388. Everett

403. Selected Studies in Modern European History. (S) 2013 – 2014

Readings and research in selected aspects of the political, social and cultural history of Modern Europe. Recent seminars include “Gender in Modern Europe,” “Social Discipline and Social Deviance: The Construction of Modern European Subjectivity,” “The French Revolution,” “The Politics of Memory,” “Human Rights and Civil Rights,” and “Urban History.” Some of these courses have prerequisites (see relevant departmental offerings). Same as HIS 403. Schrader, Mitchell

410. Girl Culture. (H) Spring 2015

This class explores the popular culture of American girls. We consider the representation of girls in American popular culture and the cultural constructions of “girlhood” itself. We follow girls as consumers, spectators, readers and producers of popular culture in contemporary and historical contexts. We are particularly interested in the role that popular culture plays in several contemporary problems associated with American girls: self-esteem, early sexualization, eating disorders, and violence. Our main case studies are dolls, children’s television, the quinceanera, and girl zines. Prerequisites: WGS 210 or AMS 100 or permission. Same as AMS 410. Kibler

490. Independent Study. Every Semester

Permission of chairperson. Staff

Topics Courses Expected To Be Offered in 2012–2013

Caesar’s Wives.
European Sexualities.
Feminist Theory. 
Gender at Work.
Madonnas and Mothers.
Sociology of the Family.