Biological Clocks and Tenure Timetables: Reconstructing the Academic Timeline

Carol B. De Wet¹, Gail M. Ashley² and Daniel P. Kegel, MD.³

¹ Department of Geosciences, Franklin & Marshall College, Lancaster PA, 17604,
² Department of Geological Sciences, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ, 08854-8066,
³ OB-BGYN Associates, Colombia Avenue, Lancaster PA 17603

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Despite decades of progressive social change by an active women's movement, federal and state legislation, and adoption of academic affirmative action policies, women Geoscientists have not reached a critical mass in higher education. The present time frame for achieving tenure and promotion was established by men, for men, decades ago. Such a time frame is incompatible with women's biologic reproductive constraints, and as such, puts an unequal level of pressure and stress on women relative to their male professional counterparts. Only a significant change in the culture of science, and its traditional pathways, will create a Geoscience community that has a sound base of gender equity.