The Clair R. McCollough Professor of Government



Office: HAR227


Ph.D., Princeton University, Dept. of Politics, 1983

M.A., Princeton University, 1979

A.B. with Distinction in Political Science, Stanford University, 1975

A brief CV can be found here.


Political ecology; representation and democratic theory; French politics.

Grants & Awards

Clair R. McCollough Professor of Government at Franklin & Marshall College, 2002 

Invited Guest Professor, Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques, Paris, 2002

Christian R. and Mary F. Lindback Award for Distinguished Teaching, Franklin &

Marshall College, 1998.

Institute of European Studies, Paris: Associate, Fall 1995

National Endowment for the Humanities, Summer Stipend Award, 1990

Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst Scholarship, Goethe Institute, Mannheim, Summer 1987.

Charlotte Elizabeth Proctor Dissertation Fellowship, Princeton University, 1981-82.

Bourse d'études du gouvernement français, 1980-81.

French-American Foundation De Tocqueville Grant, 1980-81.

Fulbright-Hays Travel Award, 1980-81.

Social Science Research Council, International Doctoral Research Award: (Western European Studies, 1980-81).

Princeton University Committee for European Studies: Travel Grant, 1979.



Merleau-Ponty and the Foundation of an Existential Politics, Princeton University Press, 1988, 329 pages.

Divided Natures: French Contributions to Political Ecology, MIT Press, 2002, 321 pages.

Precautionary Politics: Principle and Practice in Confronting Environmental Risk, MIT Press, 2006, 182 pages.

Vers une démocratie écologique: Le politique, le savant et le citoyen (with Dominique Bourg), Paris: Éditions du Seuil, 102 pages, 2010.

Articles and Book Chapters:

"From Representative Government Ecological Democracy: Tensions, Challenges, Opportunities," in Démocratie, avenir du monde?, Actes de la conférence européenne organisée à Bruxelles au Palais Egmont, le 20 juin 2012, ed. Joseph Charlier and Pascale Van Doren, Presses Raymond Vervinckt & fils, 2013, pp. 135-144.

"Moscovici, Serge"; "Latour, Bruno"; and "Démocratie écologique" (with Dominique Bourg),  in Dictionnaire de la pensée écologique, ed. Dominique Bourg and Alain Papaux, Presses Universitaires de France, 2014.

"A Representative Politics of Nature: Bruno Latour on Collectives and Constitutions," Contemporary Political Theory 12:3 (2013), pp. 185-205.

“The Impasses of Ecological Representation,” Environmental Values 22:3 (June 2013), pp. 339-358..

“Le temps nous est compté,” with Dominique Bourg, Le Débat, 164 (mars-avril 2011), pp. 169-172.

“France’s Grenelle de l’Environnement: Openings and Closures in Ecological Democracy,” with Daniel Boy and Dominique Bourg, Environmental Politics, 19:3 (May 2010), pp. 449-467.

“Démocratie et écologie: Quelles adaptations?,” (interview) Uniscope: le mensuel de l’Université de Lausanne, no. 553 (26 avril-23 mail 2010), p. 1.

“Pour une démocratie écologique”/”For an Ecological Democracy”, with Dominique Bourg, La Vie des Idées (September 2009), 33 pages. Available at:“Critical Dialogues: Reply to  Barrett,” Perspectives on Politics, 7:1 (March 2009), pp. 158-159.

“Critical Dialogues: Reply to  Barrett,” Perspectives on Politics, 7:1 (March 2009), pp. 158-159.

“Precaution and Science-Based Environmental Risk Management: Complementary not Contradictory,” in Urbano Fra, ed. Building Safer Settlements: Governance, Planning and Responses to Natural Hazards (forthcoming 2009).

"France's Charter for the Environment: Of Presidents, Principles and Environmental Protection," with Dominique Bourg, Modern and Contemporary France 15:2 (May 2007), pp. 117-133.

“Postface” in Pourquoi tardons-nous tant à devenir écologistes?: Limites de la postmodernité et société écologique,” edited by Denis Duclos. Paris: L'Harmattan 2007.

“Une écologie humaniste, Les Natures difficiles: Une comparaison France-Amérique du Nord” in Le développement durable: Les Termes du débat, ed. Marie-Claude Smouts, Armand Colin, 2005, pp. 37-45, and discussion, pp. 50-51.

“Beyond the Nature-Culture Dualism: The Ecology of Earth-Homeland,” World Futures: The Journal of General Evolution 60:5-6(July-September 2004), pp. 357-369.

“Nouvelles technologies, peurs alimentaires et principe de précaution: analyse comparée des sensibilités européenne et américaine,” Déméter 2005: Économies et Stratégie agricoles, pp. 173-191.

“Le principe de précaution: Un principe problématique mais nécessaire,” with Dominique Bourg,  Le Débat  129(mars-avril 2004), pp. 153-174 

“Humanisme et Terroir: The Culture of Genetically Modified Crops in France,” French Politics, Culture and Society 21:3(Fall 2003), pp. 73-90.

“French Regulatory Republicanism and the Risks of Genetically Modified Crops,” French Politics 1(2003), pp. 153-174.

“Les penseurs français de l’écologie politique: Regards croisés franco-américains,” The Tocqueville Review/La Revue Tocqueville XXIV:1 (2003), pp. 135-148, plus debate, pp. 149-160.

“The French Elections of 2002: Green Blues,” Environmental Politics 12:1 (Spring 2003), pp. 241-245.

"Justice Uncertain: Judith Shklar on Liberalism, Skepticism and Equality," Polity 31:3(Spring 1999), pp. 501-524.

"Systems Theory and Humanism in Continental Ecologism," Policy Studies Journal 26:4(Winter 1998), pp. 636-656.

"Worldliness and Respect for Nature: An Ecological Application of Hannah Arendt's Conception of Culture," Environmental Values 7:1(February 1998), pp. 25-40.

"French Ecosocialism: From Utopia to Contract," Environmental Politics  6:3(Autumn 1997), pp. 99-124.

"René Dumont and the Fate of Political Ecology in France," Contemporary French Civilization XXI:1 (Winter/Spring 1997), pp. 1-17.

"Von der Natur zur Freiheit -- von der Freiheit zur Natur: Hannah Arendt über der Sorge zur Welt," in Hannah Arendt Nach dem Totalitarismus, ed. Daniel Ganzfried and Sebastian Hefti (Hamburg: Europäische Verlaganstalt, 1997), pp. 155-175.

"Regulation, Ecology, Ethics: The Red-Green Politics of Alain Lipietz," Capitalism, Nature, Socialism 7:3 (September, 1996), pp. 31-55.

"The Resurgence of Ecological Political Thought in France," French Politics and Society 13:2 (Spring, 1995), pp. 1-16.

"Hannah Arendt and Ecological Politics," Environmental Ethics (Winter, 1994), pp. 339-358.

"Malraux and the Problem of a Political Metaphysics," French Forum 18:2 (May, 1993), pp. 195-212.

"Urbanisation and the Genealogy of Freedom in Marx and Tocqueville,"  History of European Ideas,  15:4-6(1992), pp. 473-479.

"Merleau-Ponty and the Uses of Malraux's Writings,"  Revue André Malraux Review, 23:1/2(Spring/Fall, 1991), pp. 85-101.

"The Political Practice of the Verts," Modern and Contemporary France 48 (January 1992), pp. 14-21.

"Universality and Violence: Merleau-Ponty, Malraux, and the Moral Logic of Liberalism," Philosophy Today 35:4 (Winter 1991), pp. 372-389.

"Hobbes's 'Ultranominalist' Critique of Natural Right," Polity  20, no. 3 (Spring 1988), pp. 457-478.

"Nominalism and Conceptualism in Hobbes's Political Theory," Commonwealth 1(1987), pp. 1-25.

"Perspectivism and Historical Objectivity: Merleau-Ponty's Covert Debate with Raymond Aron," History and Theory  21: 2 (May 1986), pp. 132-151.

"The Merleau-Ponty Bibliography: Additions and Corrections," Journal of the History of Philosophy 21:2 (April 1983), pp. 195-201.

Book Reviews:

“Why Cooperate? The Incentive to Supply Global Public Goods, by Scott Barrett,” Perspectives on Politics, 7:1 (March 2009), pp. 155-156.

"Denaturalizing Ecological Politics: Alienation from Nature from Rousseau to the Frankfurt School and Beyond, by Andrew Biro. " Perspectives on Politics 4:1 (March 2006), pp. 152-153.

 “Citizenship and the Environment, by Andrew Dobson,” Political Theory 33:6(December 2005), pp. 901-904.

“ The Light-Green Society: Ecology and Technological Modernity in France, 1960-2000, by Michael Bess.” Environmental Values 14:1(February 2005), pp. 138-140.

“Justice & Nature: Kantian Philosophy, Environmental Policy, & the Law, by John Martin Gillroy.” American Political Science Review 96(September 2002), p. 638.

"Hobbes and Christianity: Reassessing the Bible in Leviathan, by Paul D. Cooke," American Political Science Review 91:3(September 1997), pp. 717-718.

"Enlightenment's Wake: Politics and Culture at the Close of the Modern Age, by John Gray," Journal of Politics 59:3( August 1997), pp. 959-961.

"Earth and Sky, by Galen Johnson,"  Philosophy of the Social Sciences 22:2 (June 1992), pp. 271-275.

"Situation and Human Existence, by Sonia Kruks," The Review of Politics 53:3 (1991), pp. 573-576.

"The Company of Critics, by Michael Walzer,"  Political Theory 17: 4 (November 1989), pp. 689-692.

"The Political Philosophy of Merleau-Ponty, by Sonia Kruks," American Political Science Review 76:4 (December 1982), p. 967.