2/14/2020 Christopher Barnes

Scholarly Spotlight: Psychology

Scholarly Spotlight features the work of faculty on a regular basis. Here’s a sampling of recent publications by members of the Department of Psychology 
Meredith J. Bashaw
“There’s everything in here from the traditional scientific review of what we learned about dolphins in captivity to a story of a black cockatoo that gets hit by a car and how the zoo rescues and rehabilitates her,” Professor Bashaw says.
Professor of Psychology, Program Chair of Biological Foundations of Behavior

Kaufman, Allison B., Meredith J. Bashaw, and Terry L. Maple, eds. 2019. 

Scientific Foundations of Zoos and Aquariums: Their Role in Conservation and Research. 1st ed. Cambridge University Press. 

In the modern era, zoos and aquariums fight species extinction, educate communities, and advance learning of animal behaviour. This book features first person stories and scientific reviews to explore ground breaking projects run by these institutions. The projects described include large-scale conservation initiatives that benefit multiple species, zoos’ use science to improve the health and welfare of captive animals, personal tales of efforts to preserve wild populations, and scientific discoveries about animals that would have been impossible without the support of zoos and aquariums. Professor Bashaw also coauthored “Chapter 9: Empowering Zoo Animals” and the “Conclusion:  Cultivating Science in World Zoos and Aquariums.”

The publisher, Cambridge University Press, releases the book this month.
Carlota Batres
carlota batres franklin marshall college
Assistant Professor of Psychology

Borras-Guevara, Martha Lucia, Carlota Batres, and David I. Perrett. 2019.

Fear of Violence among Colombian Women Is Associated with Reduced Preferences for High-BMI MenHuman Nature 30 (3): 341–69.

Recent studies reveal that violence significantly contributes to explaining individual’s facial preferences. Women who feel at higher risk of violence prefer less-masculine male faces. Given the importance of violence, we explore its influence on people’s preferences for a different physical trait: body mass index (BMI).

Krista M. Casler
Krista M. Casler
Associate Professor of Psychology, Department Chair of Psychology

Casler, Krista. 2019.

Function Is Not the Sum of an Object’s PartsThinking & Reasoning 25 (3): 300–323.

Adults appear deeply compelled to attach functions to objects, but in so doing, they may become less likely to perceive an object’s potential for other uses.

Ryan T. Lacy
F&M Professor Lacy led a team that applied behavioral economic demand theory in their research to characterize and assess drug abuse liability in rats.
Assistant Professor of Psychology

Lacy, Ryan T. 2019.

Sex and Hormonal Status Influence the Persistence of Addiction in Animal ModelsBiological Psychiatry 85 (11): e53–54.

This article describes the importance of biological sex and hormones as an important factor in predicting drug abuse liability. Practically, female (rats) engage in drug taking more readily than males and hormones (such as estrogen) increase this behavior.

Elizabeth V. Lonsdorf
Elizabeth Lonsdorf, associate professor of animal behavior
Dana Professor in the Liberal Arts, Associate Professor of Psychology

Elizabeth V. Lonsdorf
Dana Professor in the Liberal Arts, Associate Professor of Psychology

Lauren H. Howard
Assistant Professor of Psychology & Scientific and Philosophical Studies of Mind

Lindsey M. Engelbert ‘18
Bachelor of Arts in Animal Behavior

Lonsdorf, Elizabeth V., Lindsey M. Engelbert, and Lauren H. Howard. 2019.

A Competitive Drive? Same‐sex Attentional Preferences in CapuchinsAmerican Journal of Primatology, June, e22998.

The is the first investigation of visual attention for same or opposite-sex individuals in capuchins.  Using non-invasive eye tracking, we found that both sexes prefer to look at photos of same sex individuals.

Elizabeth V. Lonsdorf
Dana Professor in the Liberal Arts, Associate Professor of Psychology

Maggie Stanton
Visiting Assistant Professor of Psychology

Lonsdorf, Elizabeth V., Margaret A. Stanton, Anne E. Pusey, and Carson M. Murray. 2019. 

Sources of Variation in Weaned Age among Wild Chimpanzees in Gombe National Park, Tanzania,  American Journal of Physical Anthropology, December, ajpa.23986.

Very little is known about variation in weaned age in wild apes.  We use long-term data to show that both offspring sex and maternal rank contribution to variation in age of weaning.

Allison S. Troy
Troy, Allison
Associate Professor of Psychology

David J. Ciuk
Assistant Professor of Government

Shadman Saquib ‘17
Bachelor of Arts in Psychology

Jennifer Thal ‘18
Bachelor of Arts in Psychology and English

Troy, Allison S., Shadman Saquib, Jennifer Thal, and David J. Ciuk. 2019.

The Regulation of  Negative and Positive Affect in Response to Daily StressorsEmotion 19 (5): 751–63.

We used daily diary methods in a sample of adults to examine how people choose to regulate their emotions in response to daily stressors, and to further examine the relationship between specific emotion regulation strategies and both positive and negative affect (i.e., emotions). Results indicated that individuals tended to use a variety of different strategies in response to stress, however, many of the strategies deployed did not have the intended effect of changing emotional states.

Michael L. Penn
Professor of Psychology Michael Penn.
Professor of Psychology

Mahmoudi, Hoda, and Michael L. Penn, eds. 2020. 

Interdisciplinary  Perspectives on Human Dignity and Human Rights. Bingley, UK:  Emerald Publishing Limited. 

Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Human Dignity and Human Rights is essential reading for researchers and students working within international relations, legal and global studies, philosophy, peace and conflict studies, and human rights and humanitarian law.

Professor Penn also coauthored “Chapter 4: Promoting Human Rights and Human Dignity in an Axial Age” and “Chapter 9: Cultivating Human Rights and Protecting Human Dignity by Nurturing Altruism and a Life of Service: Integrating U.N. Sustainable Development Goals into School Curricula.”

  • Human Dignity and Human Rights
Josh D. Rottman
Professor Rottman's research showed a cognitive distinction between purity-based and harm-based morals that challenges current wisdom regarding the role of outcomes in forming moral judgments.
Assistant Professor of Psychology & Scientific and Philosophical Studies of Mind

Josh D. Rottman
Assistant Professor of Psychology & Scientific and Philosophical Studies of Mind

Stylianos Syropoulos ‘18
Bachelor of Arts in Psychology

Piazza, Jared, Paulo Sousa, Joshua Rottman, and Stylianos Syropoulos. 2019.

Which Appraisals Are Foundational to Moral Judgment? Harm, Injustice, and Beyond, Social Psychological and Personality Science 10 (7): 903–13. 

Four studies carefully discriminated harm qua pain/suffering from injustice, alongside appraisals related to impurity, authority, and disloyalty. Appraisals of injustice outperformed appraisals of harm as independent predictors of the judged wrongness of various offenses.

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