Austrian Pine (Pinus nigra)

The Austrian pine has very dark green needles that may even appear black. These needles are long, thin, and grow in clusters. When young, this tree has a pyramidal shape, though with age, the top of the tree begins to round and flatten. The bark is dark brown, though may also acquire streaks of white and gray with age.

Family: Pinaceae (Pine)

Characteristics: The 3-inch to 5-inch-long needles are dark green to almost black, sharp, thin, stiff, and occur in clusters. Bark is furrowed and dark brown, though will acquire streaks of white, gray, and brown with age. This tree has a pyramidal shape when young. With age, the crown rounds and forms a spreading flat top. This tree grows 50-60 feet high and 20-40 feet wide.

Foliage: Evergreen (foliage present year round)

Geographic Origin: Central and southern Europe (non-native)

Cultivation Notes: Requires medium maintenance. Does best in full sun. Prefers moist and well-drained soils. This tree is very susceptible to diseases and pests, most notably Diplodia, so should be planted with care.

Number on Campus: 4

Sources: Dirr, Morton Arboretum, Missouri Botanical Garden