Carolina Hemlock

The Carolina hemlock is a narrow, pyramidal tree, with short, dark green needles that have two white bands on their undersides. The cones on this tree have scales that radiate horizontally from the center axis of the fruit, giving them an interesting shape. This tree attracts birds and mammals.

Family: Pinaceae (Pine)

Characteristics: The ¾ inch long needles are dark green and have two white bands on their undersides. Cones are 1 inch long and have scales that radiate horizontally from the central axis of the fruit. Bark is red-brown and becomes furrowed and ridged with age. This tree has a narrow and compact pyramidal shape. It grows 45-60 feet high and 20-25 feet wide.

Foliage: Evergreen (foliage present year round)

Geographic Origin: Southeastern United States (non-native)

Cultivation Notes: Requires medium maintenance. Does best in part-shade to full-shade. Prefers moist and well drained soils. This tree should be planted in a space protected from strong wind.

Number on Campus: 2

Sources: Dirr, Morton Arboretum, Missouri Botanical Garden

 

 

  • Carolina Hemlock needles
  • Carolina Hemlock bark
  • tsuga caroliniana