European Larch

The European larch is unlike most conifers because it loses its needles every winter. These needles are 1 inch long, bright green in the spring and summer, and turn yellow in the fall. The tree’s cones are red-brown, are covered in small brown hairs, and have tightly overlapping scales. In Europe, this species is an important timber source. This tree attracts birds and moths.

Family: Pinaceae (Pine)

Characteristics:  The 1 inch long needles are bright green and turn yellow in the fall. Cones are a red-brown and covered in small brown hairs. The cone scales overlap tightly. Bark is red-brown and becomes scaly with age. This tree has a pyramidal shape with horizontal branches and drooping branchlets. With age, it becomes broad and more irregular in shape. This tree grows 70-75 feet high and 20-30 feet wide.

Foliage: Deciduous (leaves lost seasonally)

Geographic Origin: Central and southern Europe (non-native)

Cultivation Notes: Requires low maintenance. Does best in full sun, though is tolerant of light shade. Prefers moist and well-drained soils and cool conditions.

Number on Campus: 1

Sources: Dirr, Morton Arboretum, Missouri Botanical Garden

 

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  • European Larch needles and cones
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