Red Horsechestnut 

The Red Horsechestnut is a hybrid of the species  A. hippocastanum  and  A. pavia that is known for its striking red flowers that grow upright.  Its dark green leaves are compound and made of 5-7 leaflets arranged in palmate fashion.  The tree produces shiny brown fruits that are encased in a spiny husk. 

Family: Hamamelidaceae (Witch Hazel)

Characteristics:  The leaves are comprised of 5-7 dark green leaflets which range from 6-8 inches long arranged in a palmate fashion.  In spring, the tree produces 6-8 inches tall panicles of flowers that are 3-4 inches wide. The flowers are a pink to red color.  The tree grows 30-40 feet tall and wide and has an oval to round shape canopy. The tree produces shiny brown fruits that are inedible and  are encased in a spiny husk. The bark is a drak brown to grey color that becomes platy with age.  

Foliage: Deciduous (leaves lost seasonally)

Geographic Origin: Europe (non-native)

Cultivation Notes: The tree is susceptible to fungal leaf scorch.  It prefers moist, deep, well-drained soils, but is adaptable to a wide variety of soil conditions. 

Number on Campus: 1

Sources: Dirr, Morton Arboretum, Missouri Botanical Garden



  • red horsechestnut
  • red horsechestnut blossoms