Carol J Auster Emerita Professor of Sociology

Emerita Professor of Sociology


Ph.D. Princeton University

M.A. Princeton University

B.A. Colgate University


Issues of gender, work, and leisure.



Auster, Carol J.  1996. The Sociology of  Work: Concepts and Cases. Thousand Oaks, CA: Pine Forge Press (division of Sage), 456 pp.


Auster, Carol J., Lauren J. Auster-Gussman, & Carlson, Emma C.  (F&M '13). 2020. Lancaster Pet Cemetery Memorial Plaques 1951-2018: An Analysis of Inscriptions. Anthrozoos, 33 (2): 261-283. (See also "Supplemental"  for gallery of images.)

Auster, Carol J., Faulkner, Caroline L., & Klingenstein, Hannah J. (F&M '17). 2018. Hooking Up and the “Ritual Retelling”: Gender Beliefs in Post-Hookup Conversations with Same-sex and Cross-sex Friends.  Socius: Sociological Research for a Dynamic World  4: 1-14.

Auster, Carol J. & Lisa  A. Auster-Gussman. 2016. Contemporary Mother’s Day and Father’s Day Cards: A Reflection of Traditional Ideologies of Motherhood and Fatherhood. Journal of Family Issues. 37 (9): 1294-1326.   doi: 10.1177/0192513X14528711 

Auster, Carol J.  2016. Blended Learning as a Potentially Winning Combination of Face-to-face and Online Learning: An Exploratory Study. Teaching Sociology, 44(1): 39-48.

Auster, Carol J.  2016. Bem Sex-Role Inventory. Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences. Virgil Zeigler-Hill and Todd K. Shackelford, eds. Springer-Meteor.

Auster, Carol J.  2016. Gender-neutral. The Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia of Gender and Sexuality Studies. Nancy Naples, Renee Hoogland, Maithree Wickramasinghe, and Wai Ching Angela Wong, eds. West Sussex, UK: Wiley-Blackwell:

Auster, Carol J. and Margaret A. Michaud (F&M '12).  2013. The Internet Marketing of Disney Theme Parks:  An Analysis of  Gender and Race. SAGE Open 3 (January-March): 1–16. doi: 10.1177/2158244013476052 

Auster, Carol J. and Claire S. Mansbach (F&M ’12).  2012. The Gender Marketing of  Toys:  An Analysis of  Color and Type of  Toy on the Disney  Store Website.  Sex Roles 67 (7-8): 375-388. 

Auster, Carol J.  2008. The Effect of Cohort on Women's Sport Participation:  An Intergenerational Study of  Collegiate Women Ice Hockey Players. Journal of Leisure Research 40 (2): 312-337.

Casale, SN, CJ Auster, F  Wolf, FY  Pei, RB Devereux.  2007. Ethnicity and Socioeconomic Status Influences on the Use of  Primary Angioplasty in Patients Presenting with Acute Myocardial Infarction. American Heart Journal 154(5): 989-993.

Auster, Carol J.  2003.  Ethics: Higher Education.  Pp. 756-760 in The Encyclopedia of Education, edited by James W. Guthrie. New York: Macmillan Reference. 

Auster, Carol J.   2001. Transcending Antecedent Leisure Constraints:  The Case of  Women Motorcycle Operators.  Journal of  Leisure Research 33:272-298.

Auster, Carol J. and Janel Leone (F&M ’96).  2001. Late Adolescents' Perspectives on Marital Rape: The Impact of  Gender and Fraternity/Sorority Membership. Adolescence 36: 141-152.

Auster, Carol J. and Susan C. Ohm (F&M ’00).  2000. Masculinity and Femininity  in Contemporary American Society: A Reevaluation Using the Bem Sex-Role  Inventory.  Sex Roles 43 (7/8): 499-528. 

Auster, Carol J.   2000. Probability  Sampling  and Inferential Statistics: An Interactive Exercise Using M&M’s.  Teaching Sociology 28 (4): 379-385.

Knight, Jonathan and Carol J. Auster.  1999. Faculty  Conduct: An Empirical Study of Ethical Activism.  Journal of  Higher Education 70 (March-April): 188-210.

Auster, Carol J. and Mindy MacRone (F&M ‘93).  1994. The Classroom as a Negotiated Social Setting: An Empirical Study of  the Effects of  Faculty Behavior on Student Participation. Teaching Sociology 22 (October): 289-300.

McClelland, Katherine E. and Carol J. Auster.  1990.  Public  Platitudes and Hidden Tensions: Racial Climates at Predominantly White Liberal Arts Colleges. Journal of Higher Education 61 (November/December): 607-642.


Book review of Mothers at Work: Who Opts Out? by Liana Christin Landivar in Gender & Society, 2018, 32 (October): 743-745.

Book review of Women, Work, and Globalization: Challenges and Opportunities, Bahira Sherif Trask, An Interdisciplinary, Multi-level, Cross-Cultural Analysis of Globalization, Women’s Work, and So Much More. in Sex Roles, 2015, 72 (January): 88-90. 

Book review of  Women Who Opt Out: The Debate Over Working  Mothers and Work-Family Balance, Bernie D. Jones (ed.), in Gender & Society,  2013, 27 (April): 268-270. doi: 10.1177/0891243212470746

Book review of  An Introduction to Sociology of Work and Occupations, Rudi Volti, in Teaching Sociology, 2008, 36 (October): 394-306.

Book review of  Faculty Misconduct in Collegiate Teaching, John M. Braxton and Alan E. Bayer, in Academe, 2000, 86 (July-August): 64-65.

Book review of  Shattering the Myths: Women in Academe, Judith Glazer-Raymo, in Gender & Society, 2000, 14 (October): 707-708.

Book review of  The Gay and Lesbian Liberation Movement, Margaret Cruikshank, in Gender & Society, 1993, 7 (December): 616-618.

Book review of  Sociology, Rodney Stark, in Teaching Sociology, 1990, 18 (January): 86-88.


Methods Case Studies:

Auster-Gussman, Lisa & Auster, Carol J.  2018. Content Analysis: An Examination of Mother’s Day and Father’s Day Greeting Cards. SAGE Research Methods Cases. London, UK.: Sage Publications Ltd. doi:

Auster, Carol J.  2018. Content Analysis: Using Pet Cemetery Memorial Plaques to Examine Possible Changes in Conceptions of Family.  SAGE Research Methods Cases. London, UK: Sage Publications Ltd. doi:

Edited Collections:

Auster, Carol J., ed.  2004. The Sociology of  Work and Occupations: Syllabi and Other Instructional Materials (5th Edition). Washington, DC: American Sociological Association Teaching Resources Center, 251 pp.

Auster, Carol J., ed.  2000. The Sociology of  Work and Occupations: Syllabi and Other Instructional Materials (4th edition). Washington, D.C.: American Sociological Association Teaching Resources Center, 287 pp.

Auster, Carol J., ed.  1997. The Sociology of  Work and Occupations: Syllabi and Other Instructional Materials (3rd edition). Washington, D.C.: American Sociological Association Teaching Resources Center, 204 pp.

Auster, Carol J., ed.  1988. Syllabi and Instructional Materials for Social Stratification,. Washington, D.C.: American Sociological Association Teaching Resources Center, 183 pp.


Auster, Carol J. and Lisa A. Auster-Gussman.  2012. Boys and Girls at Play: How Toys Reflect Society. The New York Times, January 6.

Auster, Carol J.  2007.  Fillies'  Success Rate the Same. The New York Times, June 17: SP-9.

Auster, Carol J.  1999. Good Biography Needs Subject and Author. The New York Times, September 13: A-22.

Auster, Carol J.   1992. Often-Quoted Divorce Statistics Don't Add Up. The Sunday News, August 2: A-13.

Auster, Carol J.  1990. Studies of Comic Strips Began About 35 Years Ago. The Chronicle of Higher Education, September 26: B5.

Auster, Carol J.  1990. Not Exactly the Typical American Couple. The New York Times, July 22: F-13.

Poston, Larry and Carol J. Auster.  1988. Northwestern University: A Case of  Denial of  Tenure.  Academe 74 (3): 55-70.

Grants & Awards

2011-2012 Christian R. and Mary F. Lindback Award for  Distinguished Teaching.

Professor Auster presented the Common Hour lecture "Inspiring Curiosity Over Three Decades: The Impact of Gender and Technology" on March 1, 2012.

Citation for the Lindback Distinguished Teaching Award and story in the Franklin & Marshall Magazine