Emerita Professor of Sociology


Ph.D. Princeton University

M.A. Princeton University

B.A. Colgate University


Issues of gender, work, and leisure.



Auster, Carol J.  1996. The Sociology of  Work: Concepts and Cases. Thousand Oaks, CA: Pine Forge Press (division of Sage), 456 pp.


Auster, Carol J., Lauren J. Auster-Gussman, & Carlson, Emma C.  (F&M '13). 2020. Lancaster Pet Cemetery Memorial Plaques 1951-2018: An Analysis of Inscriptions. Anthrozoos, 33 (2): 261-283. (See also "Supplemental"  for gallery of images.)

Auster, Carol J., Faulkner, Caroline L., & Klingenstein, Hannah J. (F&M '17). 2018. Hooking Up and the “Ritual Retelling”: Gender Beliefs in Post-Hookup Conversations with Same-sex and Cross-sex Friends.  Socius: Sociological Research for a Dynamic World  4: 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1177/0192513X14528711

Auster, Carol J. & Lisa  A. Auster-Gussman. 2016. Contemporary Mother’s Day and Father’s Day Cards: A Reflection of Traditional Ideologies of Motherhood and Fatherhood.  Journal of Family Issues. 37 (9): 1294-1326https://doi.org/10.1177/0192513X14528711

Auster, Carol J.  2016. Blended Learning as a Potentially Winning Combination of Face-to-face and Online Learning: An Exploratory Study. Teaching Sociology, 44(1): 39-48. https://doi.org/10.1177/0092055X15619217

Auster, Carol J.  2016. Bem Sex-Role Inventory. Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences. Virgil Zeigler-Hill and Todd K. Shackelford, eds. Springer-Meteor.

Auster, Carol J.  2016. Gender-neutral. The Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia of Gender and Sexuality Studies. Nancy Naples, Renee Hoogland, Maithree Wickramasinghe, and Wai Ching Angela Wong, eds. West Sussex, UK: Wiley-Blackwell:

Auster, Carol J. and Margaret A. Michaud (F&M '12).  2013. The Internet Marketing of Disney Theme Parks:  An Analysis of  Gender and Race. SAGE Open 3 (January-March): 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244013476052

Auster, Carol J. and Claire S. Mansbach (F&M ’12).  2012. The Gender Marketing of  Toys:  An Analysis of  Color and Type of  Toy on the Disney  Store Website.  Sex Roles 67 (7-8): 375-388. 

Auster, Carol J.  2008. The Effect of Cohort on Women's Sport Participation:  An Intergenerational Study of  Collegiate Women Ice Hockey Players. Journal of Leisure Research 40 (2): 312-337.

Casale, SN, CJ Auster, F  Wolf, FY  Pei, RB Devereux.  2007. Ethnicity and Socioeconomic Status Influences on the Use of  Primary Angioplasty in Patients Presenting with Acute Myocardial Infarction. American Heart Journal 154(5): 989-993. doi: 10.1016/j.ahj.2007.07.006.

Auster, Carol J.  2003.  Ethics: Higher Education.  Pp. 756-760 in The Encyclopedia of Education, edited by James W. Guthrie. New York: Macmillan Reference. 

Auster, Carol J.   2001. Transcending Antecedent Leisure Constraints:  The Case of  Women Motorcycle Operators.  Journal of  Leisure Research 33:272-298. doi:10.1080/00222216.2001.11949942

Auster, Carol J. and Janel Leone (F&M ’96).  2001. Late Adolescents' Perspectives on Marital Rape: The Impact of  Gender and Fraternity/Sorority Membership. Adolescence 36: 141-152.

Auster, Carol J. and Susan C. Ohm (F&M ’00).  2000. Masculinity and Femininity  in Contemporary American Society: A Reevaluation Using the Bem Sex-Role  Inventory.  Sex Roles 43 (7/8): 499-528.  doi: 10.1023/A:1007119516728

Auster, Carol J.   2000. Probability  Sampling  and Inferential Statistics: An Interactive Exercise Using M&M’s.  Teaching Sociology 28 (4): 379-385. doi: 2307/1318587

Knight, Jonathan and Carol J. Auster.  1999. Faculty  Conduct: An Empirical Study of Ethical Activism.  Journal of  Higher Education 70 (March-April): 188-210. https://www.jstor.org/stable/2649127?origin=JSTOR-pdf

Auster, Carol J. and Mindy MacRone (F&M ‘93).  1994. The Classroom as a Negotiated Social Setting: An Empirical Study of  the Effects of  Faculty Behavior on Student Participation. Teaching Sociology 22 (October): 289-300. doi: 10.2307/1318921

McClelland, Katherine E. and Carol J. Auster.  1990.  Public  Platitudes and Hidden Tensions: Racial Climates at Predominantly White Liberal Arts Colleges. Journal of Higher Education 61 (November/December): 607-642. doi: 10.2307/1981988


Book review of Mothers at Work: Who Opts Out? by Liana Christin Landivar in Gender & Society, 2018, 32 (October): 743-745. 

Book review of Women, Work, and Globalization: Challenges and Opportunities, Bahira Sherif Trask, An Interdisciplinary, Multi-level, Cross-Cultural Analysis of Globalization, Women’s Work, and So Much More. in Sex Roles, 2015, 72 (January): 88-90. 

Book review of  Women Who Opt Out: The Debate Over Working  Mothers and Work-Family Balance, Bernie D. Jones (ed.), in Gender & Society,  2013, 27 (April): 268-270. doi: 10.1177/0891243212470746

Book review of  An Introduction to Sociology of Work and Occupations, Rudi Volti, in Teaching Sociology, 2008, 36 (October): 394-306.

Book review of  Faculty Misconduct in Collegiate Teaching, John M. Braxton and Alan E. Bayer, in Academe, 2000, 86 (July-August): 64-65.

Book review of  Shattering the Myths: Women in Academe, Judith Glazer-Raymo, in Gender & Society, 2000, 14 (October): 707-708.

Book review of  The Gay and Lesbian Liberation Movement, Margaret Cruikshank, in Gender & Society, 1993, 7 (December): 616-618.

Book review of  Sociology, Rodney Stark, in Teaching Sociology, 1990, 18 (January): 86-88.


Methods Case Studies:

Auster-Gussman, Lisa & Auster, Carol J.  2018. Content Analysis: An Examination of Mother’s Day and Father’s Day Greeting Cards. SAGE Research Methods Cases. London, UK.: Sage Publications Ltd. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781526446329

Auster, Carol J.  2018. Content Analysis: Using Pet Cemetery Memorial Plaques to Examine Possible Changes in Conceptions of Family.  SAGE Research Methods Cases. London, UK: Sage Publications Ltd. doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781526442611

Edited Collections:

Auster, Carol J., ed.  2004. The Sociology of  Work and Occupations: Syllabi and Other Instructional Materials (5th Edition). Washington, DC: American Sociological Association Teaching Resources Center, 251 pp.

Auster, Carol J., ed.  2000. The Sociology of  Work and Occupations: Syllabi and Other Instructional Materials (4th edition). Washington, D.C.: American Sociological Association Teaching Resources Center, 287 pp.

Auster, Carol J., ed.  1997. The Sociology of  Work and Occupations: Syllabi and Other Instructional Materials (3rd edition). Washington, D.C.: American Sociological Association Teaching Resources Center, 204 pp.

Auster, Carol J., ed.  1988. Syllabi and Instructional Materials for Social Stratification,. Washington, D.C.: American Sociological Association Teaching Resources Center, 183 pp.


Auster, Carol J. and Lisa A. Auster-Gussman.  2012. Boys and Girls at Play: How Toys Reflect Society. The New York Times, January 6.

Auster, Carol J.  2007.  Fillies'  Success Rate the Same. The New York Times, June 17: SP-9.

Auster, Carol J.  1999. Good Biography Needs Subject and Author. The New York Times, September 13: A-22.

Auster, Carol J.   1992. Often-Quoted Divorce Statistics Don't Add Up. The Sunday News, August 2: A-13.

Auster, Carol J.  1990. Studies of Comic Strips Began About 35 Years Ago. The Chronicle of Higher Education, September 26: B5.

Auster, Carol J.  1990. Not Exactly the Typical American Couple. The New York Times, July 22: F-13.

Poston, Larry and Carol J. Auster.  1988. Northwestern University: A Case of  Denial of  Tenure.  Academe 74 (3): 55-70.

Grants & Awards

2011-2012 Christian R. and Mary F. Lindback Award for  Distinguished Teaching.

Professor Auster presented the Common Hour lecture "Inspiring Curiosity Over Three Decades: The Impact of Gender and Technology" on March 1, 2012. Highlights of the full lecture available here

Citation for the Lindback Distinguished Teaching Award and story in the Franklin & Marshall Magazine