Neoliberal Adaptation: Climate Change and the Reinvention of Development in Andean Peru
Despite hosting the 2014 UN climate conference and committing to mitigate its emissions, Peru is intensifying the emissions-intensive development that has been vital to its recent growth. In the agricultural villages of the Andean Colca Valley, state and NGO agents reconcile this contradictory attention to growth and climate change with a strategy I call “neoliberal adaptation,” placing the burdens of adapting to an altered environment upon individuals and positing that climate resilience is best achieved through entrepreneurship. My talk shows how Colca’s climate adaptation projects reinvent the category of "underdeveloped" as "low adaptive capacity." I argue that villagers contest this model through (1) critiques of technocratic individualism and (2) indigenous climate science.